Polymer Bulletin

, Volume 72, Issue 8, pp 2001–2017 | Cite as

Influence of ultrafine full-vulcanized styrene-butadiene powdered rubber on dynamic mechanical properties of natural rubber/butadiene rubber and styrene-butadiene rubber/butadiene rubber blends

  • Xiaobo Liu
  • Ying Gao
  • Lina Bian
  • Zhong WangEmail author
Original Paper


In this paper, ultrafine full-vulcanized styrene-butadiene powdered rubber (UFPSBR) was introduced into natural rubber (NR)/butadiene rubber (BR) and styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR)/BR blends. The influence of UFPSBR on the mechanical and dynamic mechanical properties of both blends was thoroughly investigated for the first time. The dynamic mechanical analysis showed that for the temperature range of −10 to 0 °C, the tan δ values of both blends increased notably. This indicated a significant increase in wet traction of the materials. Unfavorable influence of UFPSBR on the abrasion resistance and heat generation was observed, which was due to the nature of the side chain group of SBR. A combination of fracture and chemical deterioration processes was observed in the presence of UFPSBR in both blends and was proposed as the abrasion mechanisms for NR/BR/UFPSBR and SBR/BR/UFPSBR vulcanizates undergoing abrasion. The experimental results depicted that adding appropriate amounts of UFPSBR will improve the mechanical and dynamic mechanical properties of elastomer blends.


UFPSBR NR SBR BR Dynamic mechanical properties Heat generation 



Natural rubber


Styrene-butadiene rubber


Butadiene rubber


Ultrafine full-vulcanized styrene-butadiene powdered rubber


Ultrafine full-vulcanized powdered rubber


Dynamic mechanical analysis


Glass transition temperature


N-Cyclohexyl-2-benzothiazole sulfonamide

4010 NA



Intermediate super abrasion furnace



The authors thank Professor Shan Shi for the help with the SEM analysis of UFPSBR in previous studies and the discussion and the critical comments on the manuscript. The authors also thank Jessica Cunningham, Dr. Erica Sharpe and Dr. Rıfat Emrah Özel on the discussion and corrections of the manuscript. The authors appreciate the reviewers’ comments on the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaobo Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ying Gao
    • 1
    • 3
  • Lina Bian
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhong Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.College of Materials Science and EngineeringShenyang University of Chemical TechnologyShenyangChina
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry and Biomolecular ScienceClarkson UniversityPotsdamUSA
  3. 3.Chaoyang Long March Tire Co. Ltd.ChaoyangChina

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