Synthesis of polysulfone-b-polystyrene block copolymers by mechanistic transformation from condensation polymerization to free radical polymerization


Synthesis of polysulfone-b-polystyrene (PSU-b-PS) block copolymers by a combination of condensation polymerization and free radical polymerization processes are described. First, a new macroazoinitiator (MAI) containing polysulfone (PSU) units was prepared by direct esterification of 4,4-azobis(4-cyanopentanoic acid) with α,ω-hydroxyl PSU telechelics at ambient conditions. The macroinitiator was then used in conventional free radical polymerization of styrene leading to the formation of desired block copolymers. In this process, initiating macroradicals were generated by thermal cleavage of the azo group present in the macroazoinitiator structure. The precursor polysulfone macroazoinitiator (PSU-MAI) and resulting block copolymers were characterized by spectral analysis using FT-IR, 1H-NMR, GPC, TGA, and DSC.

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The authors thank Istanbul Technical University Research Fund and the State Planning Organization of Turkey (DPT) (Project No: 2005K120920) for the financial support.

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Correspondence to Yusuf Yagci.

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Dizman, C., Kahveci, M.U. & Yagci, Y. Synthesis of polysulfone-b-polystyrene block copolymers by mechanistic transformation from condensation polymerization to free radical polymerization. Polym. Bull. 70, 2097–2109 (2013).

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  • Block copolymer
  • Condensation polymerization
  • Free radical polymerization
  • Macroazoinitiator
  • Polysulfone
  • Polystyrene