Skip to main content

A study on water and dye sorption capacities of novel ternary acrylamide/sodium acrylate/PEG semi IPN hydrogels


Here, a novel ternary semi interpenetrating polymer networks (semi IPNs) have been synthesized. An effective role to develop mechanically strong polymeric materials has been through the preparation of interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs). The highly swelling superabsorbent semi IPNs were prepared by introducing poly(ethylene glycol), (PEG) into an acrylamide/sodium acrylate, (AAm/SA) hydrogels. For swelling characterization, swelling experiments were performed in water at 25 °C, gravimetrically. Water uptake and dye sorption properties of AAm/SA hydrogels and AAm/SA/PEG semi IPNs were investigated as a function of chemical composition of the hydrogels. AAm/SA hydrogels and AAm/SA/PEG semi IPNs were used in experiments on sorption of water-soluble cationic dye such as “Janus Green B” (JGB). For sorption of JGB into AAm/SA hydrogels and AAm/SA/PEG semi IPNs were studied by batch sorption technique at 25 °C. For the analysis of sorption mechanism and for calculation of some binding parameters of JGB from aqueous solutions, some linearization methods such as Klotz, Scatchard, and Langmuir linearization methods have been used.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6


  1. Özkahraman B, Acar I, Emik S (2011) Removal dyes from aqueous solutions with poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-itaconic acid) hydrogels. Polym Bull 66:551–570

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Patrickios CS (2010) Polymer networks: recent developments. Macromol Symp 291–292:1–11

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Li S (2010) Removal of crystal violet from aqueous solution by sorption into semi-interpenetrated networks hydrogels constituted of poly(acrylic acid-acrylamide-methacrylate) and amylase. Bioresour Technol 101:2197–2202

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Sahiner N, Godbey WT, McPherson GL, John VT (2006) Microgel, nanogel and hydrogel–hydrogel semi-IPN composite for biomedical applications: synthesis and characterization. Colloid Polym Sci 284:1121–1129

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Crini G (2005) Recent developments in polysaccharide-based materials used as adsorbents in wastewater treatment. Progress Polym Sci 30:38–70

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Shoichet MS (2010) Polymer scaffolds for biomedical applications. Macromolecules 43:581–591

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Zendehdel M, Barati A, Alikhani H (2011) Removal of heavy metals from aqueous solution by poly(acrylamide-co-acrylic acid) modified with porous materials. Polym Bull 67:343–360

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Buyanov AL, Gofman IV, Revel’skaya LG, Khripunov AK, Tkachenko AA (2010) Anisotropic swelling and mechanical behavior of composite bacterial cellulose-poly(acrylamide or acrylamide-sodium acrylate) hydrogels. J Mech Behav Biomed Mater 3:102–111

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Milasinovic N, Milosavljevic N, Filipovic J, Knezevic-Jugovic Z, Krusic MK (2010) Synthesis, characterization and application of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-itaconic acid) hydrogels as support for lipase immobilization. React Funct Polym 70:807–814

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Serra L, Domenech J, Peppas NA (2006) Design of poly(ethylene glycol)-tethered copolymers as novel mucoadhesive drug delivery systems. Eur J Pharm Biopharm 63:11–18

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Krsko P, Libera M (2005) Biointeractive hydrogels. Mater Today 8(12):36–44

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. Üzüm ÖB, Karadağ E (2011) Dye sorption and water uptake properties of crosslinked acrylamide/sodium methacrylate copolymers and semi-interpenetrating polymer networks composed of PEG. Sep Sci Technol 46(3):489–499

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Karadağ E, Kundakcı S, Üzüm ÖB (2009) Water sorption and dye uptake studies of highly swollen AAm/AMPS hydrogels and semi-IPN’s with PEG. Polym Plast Technol Eng 48(12):1217–1229

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Karadağ E, Saraydın D, Aydın F (1998) Removal of water-soluble cationic dyes by TriSyl silicas. Turk J Chem 22:227–236

    Google Scholar 

  15. Molyneux P, Vekavakayanondha S (1986) The interaction of aromatic compounds with poly(vinyl pyyrolidone) in aqueous solutions. J Chem Soc Faraday Trans L 82:291–317

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  16. Üzüm ÖB, Karadağ E (2006) Synthetic polymeric absorbent for dye based on chemically crosslinked acrylamide/mesaconic acid hydrogels. J Appl Polym Sci 101:405–413

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Giles CH, Smith D, Huitson A (1974) A general treatment and classification of the solute adsorption isotherm. I. Theoretical. J Colloid Interface Sci 47(3):755–765

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  18. Schwarte LM, Peppas NA (1998) Novel poly(ethylene glycol)-grafted cationic hydrogels,: preparation, characterization and diffusive properties. Polymer 39(24):6057–6066

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  19. Şahiner N, Saraydın D, Karadağ E, Güven O (1998) Swelling and dye adsorption properties of radiation induced N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone/acrylonitrile hydrogels. Polym Bull 41:371–378

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references


This study was supported by Adnan Menderes University Research Fund, under project number FBE 08 034.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Ömer Barış Üzüm.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Karadağ, E., Üzüm, Ö.B. A study on water and dye sorption capacities of novel ternary acrylamide/sodium acrylate/PEG semi IPN hydrogels. Polym. Bull. 68, 1357–1368 (2012).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: