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Swelling and mechanical behavior of charged poly(N-isopropylmethacrylamide) and poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) networks in water/ethanol mixtures. Cononsolvency effect

Summary

Swelling and mechanical behavior of negatively (ionic comonomer-sodium methacrylate) and positively (ionic comonomer-(2-acrylamidoethyl)trimethyl ammonium chloride) charged networks of poly(N-isopropylmethacrylamide) (PIPMAm) and poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PIPAAm) was investigated in water/ethanol mixtures at room temperature. Strong cononsolvency effect was observed for uncharged and negatively charged gels of both systems; while for neat solvents high degree of swelling Q was observed, for solvent mixtures pronounced minima in swelling were found. Swelling minima are connected with the coil-to-globule transition of network chains and their characteristic parameters-concentration of ethanol at the minimum, ceth,m, and corresponding swelling degree, Qm, were determined. With increasing amount of negatively charged ionic comonomer the minimum in swelling shifts to higher ceth,m values and Qm increase. On the other hand, positively charged networks of both systems exhibit roughly constant Q values practically independent of solvent mixtures compositions. For all four systems it was found that mechanical behavior is predominantly determined by the degree of swelling regardless of charge concentration.

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Correspondence to Michal Ilavský.

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Alenichev, I., Sedláková, Z. & Ilavský, M. Swelling and mechanical behavior of charged poly(N-isopropylmethacrylamide) and poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) networks in water/ethanol mixtures. Cononsolvency effect. Polym. Bull. 58, 191–199 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00289-006-0586-3

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00289-006-0586-3

Keywords

  • Ammonium Salt
  • Network Chain
  • Charge Concentration
  • Trimethyl Ammonium Chloride
  • Charged Poly