Production of an Emetic Toxin, Cereulide, Is Associated with a Specific Class of Bacillus cereus
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The emetic toxin (cereulide) of Bacillus cereus was quantified in several isolates of B. cereus and in various food sources. When the emetic toxin was produced, vomiting-type food poisoning was observed in humans. We also found that the H-1 serovar phenotype was strongly associated with the production of cereulide and that none of the isolates that hydrolyzed starch or expressed diarrheal enterotoxin activity produced cereulide.
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