Current Microbiology

, Volume 75, Issue 5, pp 531–540 | Cite as

Identification of Cross Reactive Antigens of C. botulinum Types A, B, E & F by Immunoproteomic Approach

  • Arti Sharma
  • Sarkaraisamy Ponmariappan
  • Rani Sarita
  • Syed Imtiaz Alam
  • Dev Vrat Kamboj
  • Sangeeta Shukla


Diseases triggered by microorganisms can be controlled by vaccines, which need neutralizing antigens. Hence, it is very crucial to identify extremely efficient immunogens for immune prevention. Botulism, a fatal neuroparalytic disease, is caused by botulinum neurotoxins produced by the anaerobic, Gram-positive spore-forming bacteria, Clostridium botulinum. Food-borne botulism and iatrogenic botulism are caused by botulinum toxin. Wound botulism, infant botulism, and adult intestinal botulism are caused by primarily C. botulinum followed by secondary intoxication. To identify protective antigens, whole cell proteome of C. botulinum type B was separated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. 2-D gel of whole cell proteins was probed with hyper immune sera of whole cell proteins of C. botulinum types A, E, and F. Six cross immunoreactive proteins were identified. These immunoreactive proteins will be further tested for developing vaccines and serodiagnostic markers against botulism.



The authors are thankful to the Director DRDE, Gwalior for providing necessary facilities and support throughout the work. I am also grateful to CSIR-UGC, India for their financial and worthy reward.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biotechnology DivisionDefence Research & Development EstablishmentGwaliorIndia
  2. 2.School of Studies in ZoologyJiwaji University GwaliorGwaliorIndia

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