Vibrio hannami sp. nov., Isolated from Seawater
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A Gram-reaction negative, aerobic, motile, non-pigmented and rod-shaped bacterium, designated as 168GH5-2-16T, was isolated from seawater Jeju island. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence comparison revealed that the strain formed a distinct lineage within the genus Vibrio and was most closely related to Vibrio variabilis R-40492T (96.0%). The DNA G+C content was 49.3 mol%. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and phosphatidylglycerol (PG). The predominant quinone was ubiquinone-8 (Q-8). The major fatty acids were C16:0, summed feature 3 (comprising C16:1 ω7c/C16:1 ω6c) and summed feature 8 (C18:1 ω7c/C18:1 ω6c) supported the affiliation of 168GH5-2-16T to the genus Vibrio. Moreover, the physiological, biochemical, and taxonomic analysis allowed the phenotypic and genotypic differentiation of strain 168GH5-2-16T from the recognized species of the genus Vibrio. Therefore, strain 168GH5-2-16T represents a novel species of the genus Vibrio, for which the name Vibrio hannami sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain 168GH5-2-16T (=KACC 19277T = DSM105032T).
KeywordsVibrio hannami 16S rRNA gene sequence Polyphasic taxomony
This research was supported by a grant from the Marine Biotechnology Program (20170431) funded by the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries, Korea, and Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (2016R1D1A3B03933067), Korea.
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