Current Microbiology

, Volume 74, Issue 11, pp 1337–1342 | Cite as

Effects of Disodium Fumarate on In Vitro Rumen Fermentation, The Production of Lipopolysaccharide and Biogenic Amines, and The Rumen Bacterial Community

  • Wei Jin
  • Chunxu Xue
  • Junhua Liu
  • Yuyang Yin
  • Weiyun Zhu
  • Shengyong Mao


The effect of disodium fumarate (DF) on the ruminal fermentation profiles, the accumulation of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and bioamines, and the composition of the ruminal bacterial community was investigated by in vitro rumen fermentation. The addition of DF increased the total gas production; the concentrations of propionate, valerate, total volatile fatty acids, and ammonia–nitrogen; and the rumen pH after a 24 h fermentation. By contrast, DF addition decreased the ratio of acetate to propionate and the concentrations of lactate, lipopolysaccharide, methylamine, tryptamine, putrescine, histamine, and tyramine (P < 0.05). Principal coordinates analysis and molecular variance analysis showed that DF altered the ruminal bacterial community (P < 0.05). At the phylum level, DF decreased the proportion of Proteobacteria, and increased the proportions of Spirochaetae and Elusimicrobia (P < 0.05). At the genus level, DF decreased the percentage of Ruminobacter, while increasing the percentage of Succinivibrio and Treponema (P < 0.05). Overall, the results indicate that DF modified rumen fermentation and mitigated the production of several toxic compounds. Thus, DF has great potential for preventing subacute rumen acidosis in dairy cows and for improving the health of ruminants.



The present study was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province of China (BK20151431) and the Natural Science Foundation of China (31372339).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

284_2017_1322_MOESM1_ESM.docx (170 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 169 kb)
284_2017_1322_MOESM2_ESM.docx (25 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 24 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wei Jin
    • 1
  • Chunxu Xue
    • 1
  • Junhua Liu
    • 1
  • Yuyang Yin
    • 1
  • Weiyun Zhu
    • 1
  • Shengyong Mao
    • 1
  1. 1.Jiangsu Province Key Laboratory of Gastrointestinal Nutrition and Animal Health, Laboratory of Gastrointestinal Microbiology, College of Animal Science and TechnologyNanjing Agricultural UniversityNanjingChina

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