Genome Sequence and Phenotypic Characterization of Caulobacter segnis
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Caulobacter segnis is a unique species of Caulobacter that was initially deemed Mycoplana segnis because it was isolated from soil and appeared to share a number of features with other Mycoplana. After a 16S rDNA analysis showed that it was closely related to Caulobactercrescentus, it was reclassified C. segnis. Because the C.segnis genome sequence available in GenBank contained 126 pseudogenes, we compared the original sequencing data to the GenBank sequence and determined that many of the pseudogenes were due to sequence errors in the GenBank sequence. Consequently, we used multiple approaches to correct and reannotate the C. segnis genome sequence. In total, we deleted 247 bp, added 14 bp, and changed 8 bp resulting in 233 fewer bases in our corrected sequence. The corrected sequence contains only 15 pseudogenes compared to 126 in the original annotation. Furthermore, we found that unlike Mycoplana, C. segnis divides by fission, producing swarmer cells that have a single, polar flagellum.
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