Sexuelle Aktivitäten im digitalen Kontext

Aktueller Forschungsstand und Handlungsempfehlungen für die Praxis

Sexual activities in the digital context

Current state of research and recommendations for the practice

Zusammenfassung

Gegenstand und Ziel

Durch digitale Medientechniken (Internet, Smartphone, Virtual Reality, Roboter) hat sich unser Umgang mit Sexualität verändert. Der vorliegende Übersichtsartikel fasst den aktuellen Entwicklungs- und Forschungsstand zusammen.

Material und Methoden

Aufgearbeitet werden einschlägige Forschungsreviews und Einzelstudien aus unterschiedlichen Disziplinen.

Ergebnisse

Für 6 zentrale Typen sexueller Aktivitäten im digitalen Kontext – Umgang mit 1. Sexualaufklärung, 2. Pornografie, 3. sexueller Kontaktsuche und Kontaktpflege, 4. sexuellen Communitys, 5. Sexshops und materialen Sexprodukten sowie 6. Sexarbeit – weist die bisherige Forschung sowohl negative als auch positive Effekte nach.

Schlussfolgerungen

Sexuelle Aktivitäten im digitalen Kontext sind heute weit verbreitet. Für die Bevölkerungsmehrheit sind sie meist harmlos oder sogar nützlich. Eine Minderheit zeigt Probleme.

Klinische Relevanz

Zur Förderung sexueller Gesundheit und Zufriedenheit geht es nicht nur darum, sexuellen Schwierigkeiten und Störungen im digitalen Kontext vorzubeugen und sie sachgerecht zu behandeln. Es geht auch darum, die sexualbezogenen Chancen der Digitaltechnik zu kennen, zu nutzen und aktiv mitzugestalten.

Abstract

Background and objective

Digital media technologies (e.g. internet, smartphone, virtual reality and robots) have changed our way of dealing with sexuality. This review article summarizes the current state of development and research.

Material and methods

Relevant research reviews and individual studies from different disciplines are reviewed.

Results

For six central types of sexual activity in the digital context dealing with 1. sexual education, 2. pornography, 3. sexual contact search, 4. sexual communities, 5. sex shops and material sex products and 6. sex work, previous research has shown both negative and positive effects.

Conclusion

Sexual activities in the digital context are now widespread. For the majority of the population they are mostly harmless or even useful. A minority shows problems.

Clinical relevance

Promoting sexual health and well-being is not just about preventing sexual difficulties and disorders in the digital context and treating them appropriately. It is also about knowing, using and actively shaping the sex-related opportunities offered by digital technology.

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Correspondence to Prof. Dr. Nicola Döring.

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Stephan Herpertz, Bochum

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Döring, N. Sexuelle Aktivitäten im digitalen Kontext. Psychotherapeut 64, 374–384 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00278-019-00371-3

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Schlüsselwörter

  • Sexuelle Gesundheit
  • Sexualverhalten
  • Ermächtigung
  • Pornografisierung
  • Sexarbeit

Keywords

  • Sexual health
  • Sexual behavior
  • Empowerment
  • Pornification
  • Sex work