Comparison of blast percentage calculated based on bone marrow all nucleated cells and non-erythroid cells in myelodysplastic syndromes with erythroid hyperplasia
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It is controversial whether blast percentage based on all nucleated cells (ANC) or non-erythroid cells (NEC) more accurately reflects the prognosis of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). We considered that the impact of blast percentage on survival should be similar in MDS with erythroid hyperplasia (MDS-E) and MDS with no erythroid hyperplasia (MDS-NE), and from this perspective, we retrospectively analyzed 322 patients, including 44 with MDS-E and 278 with MDS-NE. Overall survival was similar between the MDS-E and MDS-NE groups (P = 0.94). In a subgroup of patients with bone marrow (BM) blasts of < 5%, no difference in survival was found between MDS-E and MDS-NE by either calculation method. However, in patients with a blast percentage between 5 and 10%, a significant difference in survival was observed only when the blast percentage in MDS-E was calculated from ANC (P < 0.001 by ANC and P = 0.66 by NEC). A similar result was observed when we analyzed the remaining patients with higher blasts together with those with blasts between 5 and 10%. These results suggest that the calculation of the BM blast percentage based on NEC in MDS-E provides a blast percentage value with a clinical impact consistent with that in MDS-NE.
KeywordsMyelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) Erythroid hyperplasia Non-erythroid cells (NEC) Acute myeloid leukemia (AML)
KM performed the research, collected, and analyzed the data. YK performed the research and analyzed the data. All the authors wrote the paper and approved the final version.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
For this retrospective study, formal informed consent is not required. This study was approved by the ethics committee of Jichi Medical University.
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