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Multiple anatomical variations of the renal vessels associated with malrotated and unrotated kidneys: a case report

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Variations in the number of renal vessels represent the most common anatomical variations in renal vasculature. Here, a rare case of multiple anatomical variations of renal vessels was found in a 70-year-old female cadaveric dissection. Three renal arteries and two renal veins were observed to supply the right kidney, which was malrotated and ectopic; on the left side, the kidney was unrotated and presented two renal arteries and normal renal vein. In particular, we paid attention to the pattern of the three renal arteries that originated from the lateral side of the aorta and passed anteriorly to the inferior vena cava. A rare case of ovarian vein that drained into the right renal vein was also reported. The descriptions of these multiple anatomical variations should be considered by clinicians for performing correct surgical and radiological procedures.

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We thank Professor Rita Rezzani (Chief of the Section of Anatomy and Physiopathology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Sciences, University of Brescia) for the critical reading of the manuscript.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Correspondence to Luigi F. Rodella.

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B. Buffoli and L. Franceschetti equally share the first authorship.

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Buffoli, B., Franceschetti, L., Belotti, F. et al. Multiple anatomical variations of the renal vessels associated with malrotated and unrotated kidneys: a case report. Surg Radiol Anat 37, 1133–1136 (2015).

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