A model is described which applies the full one-dimensional version of the Saint–Venant equations for open channel flow to simulate the process of surface irrigation. The resulting software for surface irrigation simulation, calibration and optimisation, abbreviated to SISCO, was developed for use in a standard PC environment. Unlike some other models currently in use, SISCO can accommodate temporal variations in inflow rates and spatial variability in soil infiltration, surface roughness, slope and furrow geometry. The main focus of the paper is in regard to the calibration functionality, whereby it is capable of estimating the soil infiltration characteristic and Manning roughness from various combinations of practically obtainable field measurements.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Bautista E, Clemmens AJ, Strelkoff TS, Niblack M (2009a) Analysis of surface irrigation systems with WinSRFR-Example application. Agric Water Manag 96:1162–1169
Bautista E, Clemmens AJ, Strelkoff TS, Schlegel J (2009b) Modern analysis of surface irrigation systems with WinSRFR. Agric Water Manag 96:1146–1154
Belegundu AD, Chandrupatla TR (2011) Optimization concepts and applications in engineering. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
Clemmens AJ (2003) Field verification of a two-dimensional surface irrigation model. J Irrigation Drainage Eng 129:402–411
Dalton P, Raine SR, Broadfoot K (2001) Best management practices for maximising whole farm irrigation efficiency in the Australian cotton industry. Final report to the Cotton Research and Development Corporation. National Centre for Engineering in Agriculture Report. 179707/2. USQ, Toowoomba
Ebrahimian H, Liaghat A (2011) Field evaluation of various mathematical models for furrow and border irrigation systems. Soil Water Res 6:91–101
Ebrahimian H, Liaghat A, Ghanbarian-Alavijeh B, Abbasi F (2010) Evaluation of various quick methods for estimating furrow and border infiltration parameters. Irrig Sci 28:479–488
Elliott RL, Walker WR, Skogerboe GV (1983) Infiltration parameters from furrow irrigation advance data. Trans ASAE 26:1726–1731
Gillies MH, Smith RJ (2005) Infiltration parameters from surface irrigation advance and run-off data. Irrig Sci 24:25–35
Gillies MH, Smith RJ, Raine SR (2007) Accounting for temporal inflow variation in the inverse solution for infiltration in surface irrigation. Irrig Sci 25:87–97
Gillies MH, Smith RJ, Williamson B, Shanahan M (2010) Improving performance of bay irrigation through higher flow rates Irrigation Australia Conference 2010. Sydney, Australia
Gillies MH, Smith RJ, Raine SR (2011) Evaluating whole field irrigation performance using statistical inference of inter-furrow infiltration variation. Biosyst Eng 110:134–143
Horst MG, Shamutalov SS, Pereira LS, Goncalves JM (2005) Field assessment of the water saving potential with furrow irrigation in Fergana, Aral Sea basin. Agric Water Manag 77:210–231
Jung WK, Kitchen NR, Anderson SH, Sadler EJ (2007) Crop management effects on water infiltration for claypan soils. J Soil Water Conserv 62:55–63
Koech RK, Smith RJ, Gillies MH (2014) A real-time optimisation system for automation of furrow irrigation. Irrigation Sci, pp 1–9
Maheshwari B, McMahon T (1992) Modeling shallow overland flow in surface irrigation. J Irrigation Drainage Eng 118:201–217
McClymont DJ (2007) Development of a decision support system for furrow and border irrigation. University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba
McClymont DJ, Smith RJ (1996) Infiltration parameters from optimization on furrow irrigation advance data. Irrig Sci 17:15–22
McClymont DJ, Smith RJ, Raine SR (1999) An integrated numerical model for the design and management of furrow irrigation. In: Lawrence PA, Robinson J (eds) 2nd international conference on multiple objective decision support systems for land, water and environmental management. Brisbane, Australia
Moravejalahkami B, Mostafazadeh-Fard B, Heidarpour M, Abbasi F (2009) Furrow infiltration and roughness prediction for different furrow inflow hydrographs using a zero-inertia model with a multilevel calibration approach. Biosyst Eng 103:374–381
Playán E, Slatni A, Castillo R, Faci JM (2000) A case study for irrigation modernisation: II: Scenario analysis. Agric Water Manag 42:335–354
Raine SR, McClymont DJ, Smith RJ (1997) The development of guidelines for surface irrigation in areas with variable infiltration. In: Egan BTPO (ed) Australian society of sugar cane technologists. Cairns; Australia, Watson Ferguson
Rayej M, Wallender WW (1988) Time solution of Kinematic-wave model with stochastic infiltration. J Irrigation Drainage Eng 114:605–621
Robertson D, Wood M, Wang QJ (2004) Estimating hydraulic parameters for a surface irrigation model from field conditions. Aust J Exp Agric 44:173–179
Sanchez CA, Zerihun D, Farrell-Poe KL (2009) Management guidelines for efficient irrigation of vegetables using closed-end level furrows. Agric Water Manag 96:43–52
Scaloppi EJ, Merkley GP, Willardson LS (1995) Intake parameters from advance and wetting phases of surface irrigation. J Irrigation Drainage Eng 121:57–70
Selle B, Wang QJ, Mehta B (2011) Relationship between hydraulic and basic properties for irrigated soils in southeast Australia. J Plant Nutr Soil Sci 174:81–92
Shahidian S, Serralheiro RP (2012) Development of an adaptive surface irrigation system. Irrig Sci 30:69–81
Smith RJ, Raine SR, Minkevich J (2005) Irrigation application efficiency and deep drainage potential under surface irrigated cotton. Agric Water Manag 71:117–130
Smith RJ, Gillies MH, Shanahan M, Campbell B, Williamson B (2009) Evaluating the performance of bay irrigation in the GMID. Irrigation and drainage conference 2009. Swan Hill, Vic, Irrigation Australia Ltd
Strelkoff TS, Clemmens AJ, El-Ansary M, Awad M (2009) Surface-irrigation evaluation models: application to level basins in Egypt. Trans ASAE 42:1027–1036
Trout TJ (1992) Furrow flow velocity effect on hydraulic roughness. J Irrigation Drainage Eng 118:981–987
Walker WR (2005) Multilevel calibration of furrow infiltration and roughness. J Irrigation Drainage Eng 131:129–136
Walker WR, Skogerboe GV (1987) Surface irrigation: theory and practice. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs
The authors would like to acknowledge the Cooperative Research Centre for Irrigation Futures (CRC IF) for supporting the development of SISCO.
Communicated by E. Bautista.
About this article
Cite this article
Gillies, M.H., Smith, R.J. SISCO: surface irrigation simulation, calibration and optimisation. Irrig Sci 33, 339–355 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00271-015-0470-8
- Surface Roughness
- Inflow Rate
- Furrow Irrigation
- Volume Balance
- Infiltration Parameter