Irrigation Science

, Volume 33, Issue 5, pp 339–355 | Cite as

SISCO: surface irrigation simulation, calibration and optimisation

  • M. H. GilliesEmail author
  • R. J. Smith
Original Paper


A model is described which applies the full one-dimensional version of the Saint–Venant equations for open channel flow to simulate the process of surface irrigation. The resulting software for surface irrigation simulation, calibration and optimisation, abbreviated to SISCO, was developed for use in a standard PC environment. Unlike some other models currently in use, SISCO can accommodate temporal variations in inflow rates and spatial variability in soil infiltration, surface roughness, slope and furrow geometry. The main focus of the paper is in regard to the calibration functionality, whereby it is capable of estimating the soil infiltration characteristic and Manning roughness from various combinations of practically obtainable field measurements.


Surface Roughness Inflow Rate Furrow Irrigation Volume Balance Infiltration Parameter 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors would like to acknowledge the Cooperative Research Centre for Irrigation Futures (CRC IF) for supporting the development of SISCO.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Centre for Engineering in AgricultureUniversity of Southern QueenslandToowoombaAustralia

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