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Irrigation Science

, 26:519 | Cite as

Response of sweet orange cv ‘Lane late’ to deficit-irrigation strategy in two rootstocks. II: Flowering, fruit growth, yield and fruit quality

  • J. G. Pérez-Pérez
  • P. Romero
  • J. M. Navarro
  • P. BotíaEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

We evaluated the effects of a deficit-irrigation (DI) strategy in mature ‘Lane late’ sweet orange (Citrus sinensis (L.) Osb.) trees grafted on two different drought-tolerant rootstocks, ‘Cleopatra’ mandarin (Citrus reshni Hort. ex Tanaka) and ‘Carrizo’ citrange (Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck x Poncirus trifoliata L.). Two treatments were applied: a control treatment, irrigated at 100% of crop evapotranspiration (ETc) during the entire season, and a DI treatment, irrigated at 100% ETc, except during phases I (initial fruit-growth period,) and phase III (final fruit-growth period, ripening, harvest), when no irrigation was applied. Flowering, fruit abscission and fruit growth of trees on ‘Carrizo’ were more affected by DI than on ‘Cleopatra’. Deficit irrigation reduced yield in both rootstocks due mainly to a decrease in the number of fruits. The phase most sensitive to drought stress was phase I. Moreover, DI altered fruit quality depending on the period when drought stress was applied. Fruit quality was modified by DI: total soluble sugars and titratable acidity increased when a severe drought stress occurred only in phase III but only increased the peel/pulp ratio if it occurred only in phase I. The quality of fruits from trees on ‘Carrizo’ under DI was affected more than that of fruits from trees on ‘Cleopatra’. Under DI in semi-arid regions ‘Cleopatra’ mandarin can mitigate more the negative effects of drought stress on yield and fruit quality than ‘Carrizo’ citrange.

Keywords

Drought Stress Fruit Weight Total Soluble Solid Sweet Orange Deficit Irrigation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank I.M. García-Oller, M. Sánchez-Baños and A.J. Tristán for help in both field and laboratory work. We also thank Dr. David Walker for correction of the English. This work was supported by a grant of the Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agrarias and by the Comisión Interministerial de Ciencia y Tecnología, through the projects AGL2000-2015-C03-03 and AGL2003-08502-C04-04.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. G. Pérez-Pérez
    • 1
  • P. Romero
    • 2
  • J. M. Navarro
    • 1
  • P. Botía
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of CitricultureInstituto Murciano de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario y AlimentarioLa AlbercaSpain
  2. 2.Department of ViticultureIMIDALa AlbercaSpain

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