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Sharp Needle Recanalization Technique for Peripheral Hemodialysis Arteriovenous Fistula Occlusion

Abstract

Purpose

To determine the efficacy of a percutaneous sharp needle recanalization technique for the treatment of peripheral hemodialysis arteriovenous fistula (AVF) occlusion.

Materials and Methods

This study included 13 patients (14 procedures) between May 2010 and February 2020 with non-thrombotic AVF occlusion wherein guidewire passage through the occluded segment had failed. We successfully passed the guidewire through the occluded segment using a sharp needle recanalization technique with Chiba or Colapinto needles, under ultrasound or fluoroscopic guidance. The type of AVF, site and length of occlusion, technical success, complications, and long-term patency were analyzed.

Results

Technical success was achieved in 12 (85.7%) out of 14 procedures. The procedure failed in two patients due to the poor angle of approach in the axillary area and diffuse severe stenosis in the draining cephalic vein. In eight procedures, sharp needle recanalization was performed under ultrasound guidance, while the other six procedures were performed under fluoroscopic guidance. Chiba and Colapinto needles were used in five and nine procedures, respectively. The mean length of occlusion was 2.7 cm (range 1.8–4.2 cm). There was one case of mild complication, that is, mild contrast extravasation, which was treated by stent deployment. The post-intervention primary patency rates at 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years were 81.8%, 36.4%, and 18.2%, respectively.

Conclusion

The results of this limited series suggest that the sharp needle recanalization technique is a simple and effective method for the treatment of peripheral non-thrombotic AVF occlusion.

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Funding

This study was not supported by any funding.

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Correspondence to Dong Erk Goo.

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For this type of study, formal consent is not required. This study was reviewed and approved by the Soon Chun Hyang University Seoul Hospital Institutional Review Board.

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All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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Noh, S.Y., Goo, D.E., Kim, Y.J. et al. Sharp Needle Recanalization Technique for Peripheral Hemodialysis Arteriovenous Fistula Occlusion. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00270-021-02809-1

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Keywords

  • Hemodialysis vascular access
  • Occlusion
  • Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty
  • Sharp needle recanalization