CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology

, Volume 41, Issue 9, pp 1451–1452 | Cite as

Inferior Vena Cava Filter Retrieval: A National Survey of Current Practice

  • Permesh Singh Dhillon
  • Said Habib
Letter to the Editor

To the Editor,

Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are recommended in patients with extensive lower extremity thromboembolism with contraindications to anticoagulation, including visceral bleeding, trauma, elective surgery and pregnancy. There is an increase in the complication rates on attempted filter retrieval beyond the recommended time frame of indwelling filters, which include failure of retrieval, device infection, IVC filter fracture and migration, thrombus formation, and IVC occlusion and perforation [1]. Hence, the British Society of Radiologists (BSIR) and United States Food and Drug Administration (US-FDA) have issued guidelines that recommend retrieval of temporary IVC filters in all patients within 9 weeks [2]. However, there is global evidence of poor temporary IVC retrieval rates, with means ranging from as low as 8 to 45% [1]. The main recurring causes remain poor patient follow-up following IVC filter insertion, lack of awareness and education amongst the referring...


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

All authors have no conflict of interest or any disclosures to declare.

Human and Animal Rights

This study does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature and the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe (CIRSE) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Interventional Radiology, Radiology Department, Queen’s Medical CentreNottingham University Hospitals NHS TrustNottinghamUK
  2. 2.Radiological Sciences, Queen’s Medical CentreUniversity of NottinghamNottinghamUK

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