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Perioperative Temporary Occlusion of the Internal Iliac Arteries as Prophylaxis in Cesarean Section at Risk of Hemorrhage in Placenta Accreta

  • Clinical Investigation
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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to describe the preliminary results of prophylactic temporary balloon occlusion of the internal iliac arteries for bleeding control in patients with placenta accreta during cesarean hysterectomy.

Methods

From May 2006 to March 2010, 21 patients diagnosed with placenta accreta using ultrasound and/or magnetic resonance imaging were submitted to prophylactic balloon occlusion before hysterectomy. Fluoroscopy, balloon occlusion time, surgical duration, intraoperative blood loss, transfusion volume, and procedure complications were analyzed.

Results

The mean age was 30.5 years with a mean of 3.6 previous gestations. Imaging studies revealed that all patients had placenta accreta and all were submitted to cesarean hysterectomy. One hysterectomy was due to previous diagnosis of fetal death and another due to cesarean with uterine curettage. Mean fluoroscopy time was 7.5 min, balloon occlusion time was 164 min, and surgery duration was 260 min. Estimated blood loss was 1,671.5 ml with mean reposition fluids of 3,538 ml of crystalloids, 309.5 ml of colloids, and 1.24 ml of packed red blood cells. Two patients were submitted to thromboembolectomy due to prolonged surgical time. There was no maternal or fetal mortality related to the procedure.

Conclusions

The results demonstrated that prophylactic balloon occlusion of internal iliac artery is a safe method and appears to reduce blood loss and transfusion requirements in patients diagnosed with placenta accreta who undergo cesarean hysterectomy. Antenatal imaging diagnosis of placenta accreta enables preoperative planning.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Correspondence to Francisco Cesar Carnevale.

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Carnevale, F.C., Kondo, M.M., de Oliveira Sousa, W. et al. Perioperative Temporary Occlusion of the Internal Iliac Arteries as Prophylaxis in Cesarean Section at Risk of Hemorrhage in Placenta Accreta. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 34, 758–764 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00270-011-0166-2

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00270-011-0166-2

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