CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology

, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 316–324 | Cite as

The Need for Anticoagulation Following Inferior Vena Cava Filter Placement: Systematic Review

  • Charles E. RayJr.Email author
  • Allan Prochazka
Clinical Investigation



To perform a systemic review to determine the effect of anticoagulation on the rates of venous thromboembolism (pulmonary embolus, deep venous thrombosis, inferior vena cava (IVC) filter thrombosis) following placement of an IVC filter.


A comprehensive computerized literature search was performed to identify relevant articles. Data were abstracted by two reviewers. Studies were included if it could be determined whether or not subjects received anticoagulation following filter placement, and if follow-up data were presented. A meta-analysis of patients from all included studies was performed. A total of 14 articles were included in the final analysis, but the data from only nine articles could be used in the meta-analysis; five studies were excluded because they did not present raw data which could be analyzed in the meta-analysis. A total of 1,369 subjects were included in the final meta-analysis.


The summary odds ratio for the effect of anticoagulation on venous thromboembolism rates following filter deployment was 0.639 (95% CI 0.351 to 1.159, p = 0.141). There was significant heterogeneity in the results from different studies [Q statistic of 15.95 (p = 0.043)]. Following the meta-analysis, there was a trend toward decreased venous thromboembolism rates in patients with post-filter anticoagulation (12.3% vs. 15.8%), but the result failed to reach statistical significance.


Inferior vena cava filters can be placed in patients who cannot receive concomitant anticoagulation without placing them at significantly higher risk of development of venous thromboembolism.


Anticoagulation Evidence-based medicine IVC filters Venous interruption 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of RadiologyUniversity of Colorado Denver and Health Sciences CenterDenverUSA
  2. 2.Department of Clinical ScienceUniversity of Colorado Denver and Health Sciences CenterDenverUSA
  3. 3.Department of Radiology – Mail Stop C276University of Colorado Denver and Health Sciences CenterAuroraUSA
  4. 4.Division of General Internal MedicineUniversity of Colorado Health Sciences CenterDenverUSA
  5. 5.Department of Ambulatory CareDenver VA Medical CenterDenverUSA

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