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Physics and Chemistry of Minerals

, Volume 45, Issue 9, pp 907–913 | Cite as

Study of Cr(VI) adsorption onto magnetite nanoparticles using synchrotron-based X-ray absorption spectroscopy

  • Yen-Hua Chen
  • Dian-Yu Liu
  • Jyh-Fu Lee
Original Paper
  • 125 Downloads

Abstract

In this study, the efficiency of Cr(VI) adsorption onto nano-magnetite was examined by batch experiments, and the Cr(VI) adsorption mechanism was investigated using synchrotron-based X-ray absorption spectroscopy. Magnetite nanoparticles with a mean diameter of 10 nm were synthesized using an inexpensive and simple co-precipitation method. It shows a saturation magnetization of 54.3 emu/g, which can be recovered with an external magnetic field. The adsorption data fitted the Langmuir adsorption isotherm well, implying a monolayer adsorption behavior of Cr(VI) onto nano-magnetite. X-ray absorption spectroscopy results indicate that the adsorption mechanism involves electron transfer between Fe(II) in nano-magnetite (Fe2+OFe3+2O3) and Cr(VI) to transform into Cr(III), which may exist as an Fe(III)–Cr(III) mixed solid phase. Moreover, the Cr(III)/Cr(VI) ratio in the final products can be determined by the characteristic pre-edge peak area of Cr(VI) in the Cr K-edge spectrum. These findings suggest that nano-magnetite is effective for Cr(VI) removal from wastewater because it can transform highly poisonous Cr(VI) species into nontoxic Cr(III) compounds, which are highly insoluble and immobile under environmental conditions.

Keywords

Nano-magnetite Cr(VI) adsorption X-ray absorption spectroscopy 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018
corrected publication June 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Earth SciencesNational Cheng Kung UniversityTainanTaiwan
  2. 2.National Synchrotron Radiation Research CenterHsinchuTaiwan

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