Copper valence, structural separation and lattice dynamics in tennantite (fahlore): NMR, NQR and SQUID studies

  • R. R. GainovEmail author
  • A. V. Dooglav
  • I. N. Pen’kov
  • I. R. Mukhamedshin
  • A. V. Savinkov
  • N. N. Mozgova
Original Paper


Electronic and magnetic properties of tennantite subfamily of tetrahedrite-group minerals have been studied by copper nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and SQUID magnetometry methods. The temperature dependences of copper NQR frequencies and line-width, nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate T 1 −1 and nuclear spin-echo decay rate T 2 −1 in tennantite samples in the temperature range 4.2–210 K is evidence of the presence of field fluctuations caused by electronic spins hopping between copper CuS3 positions via S2 bridging atom. The analysis of copper NQR data at low temperatures points to the magnetic phase transition near 65 K. The magnetic susceptibility in the range 2–300 K shows a Curie–Weiss behavior, which is mainly determined by Fe2+ paramagnetic substituting ions.


NMR NQR SQUID Tennantite Tetrahedrite Magnetic phase transition 



We thank Dr. Orlinskii S.B. (Kazan State University, Russian Federation) for the valuable discussions. We thank N.V. Trubkin (Institute of Geology of Ore Deposits, Petrography, Mineralogy and Geochemistry, Russian Academy of Science) for determination of the chemical composition of minerals. We thank Prof. Pattrick R.A.D. (University of Manchester, Great Britain) for permission to reproduce the original picture in this paper. This work was partly supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research under Grant 06-02-17197а.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. R. Gainov
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. V. Dooglav
    • 1
  • I. N. Pen’kov
    • 2
  • I. R. Mukhamedshin
    • 1
    • 3
  • A. V. Savinkov
    • 1
    • 3
  • N. N. Mozgova
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Physics, MRS LaboratoryKazan State UniversityKazanRussia
  2. 2.Department of GeologyKazan State UniversityKazanRussia
  3. 3.Graduate School of Science and Technology, Faculty of ScienceKanazawa UniversityKakuma-machiJapan
  4. 4.Institute of Geology of Ore Deposits, Petrography, Mineralogy and Geochemistry (Russian Academy of Science)MoscowRussia

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