World Journal of Surgery

, Volume 41, Issue 1, pp 100–105 | Cite as

Total Extraperitoneal Hernia Repair: Residency Teaching Program and Outcome Evaluation

  • Fabio GarofaloEmail author
  • Pau Mota-Moya
  • Andrew Munday
  • Sébastien Romy
Original Scientific Report



Total extraperitoneal (TEP) hernia repair has been shown to offer less pain, shorter postoperative hospital stay and earlier return to work when compared to open surgery. Our institution routinely performs TEP procedures for patients with primary or recurrent inguinal hernias. The aim of this study was to show that supervised senior residents can safely perform TEP repairs in a teaching setting.


All consecutive patients treated for inguinal hernias by laparoscopic approach from October 2008 to June 2012 were retrospectively analyzed from a prospective database.


A total of 219 TEP repairs were performed on 171 patients: 123 unilateral and 48 bilateral. The mean patient age was 51.6 years with a standard deviation (SD) of ± 15.9. Supervised senior residents performed 171 (78 %) and staff surgeons 48 (22 %) TEP repairs, respectively. Thirty-day morbidity included cases of inguinal paresthesias (0.4 %, n = 1), umbilical hematomas (0.9 %, n = 2), superficial wound infections (0.9 %, n = 2), scrotal hematomas (2.7 %, n = 6), postoperative urinary retentions (2.7 %, n = 6), chronic pain syndromes (5 %, n = 11) and postoperative seromas (6.7 %, n = 14). Overall, complication rates were 18.7 % for staff surgeons and 19.3 % for residents (p = 0.83). For staff surgeons and residents, mean operative times for unilateral hernia repairs were 65 min (SD ± 18.9) and 77.6 min (SD ± 29.8) (p = 0.043), respectively, while mean operative times for bilateral repairs were 115 min (SD ± 40.1) and 103.6 (SD ± 25.9) (p = 0.05).


TEP repair is a safe procedure when performed by supervised senior surgical trainees. Teaching of TEP should be routinely included in general surgery residency programs.


Hernia Repair Inguinal Hernia Inguinal Hernia Repair Iliac Fossa Senior Resident 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors (F. Garofalo, P. Mota-Moya, A. Munday and S. Romy) have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.

Human and animal rights

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.


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Copyright information

© Société Internationale de Chirurgie 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fabio Garofalo
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Pau Mota-Moya
    • 1
  • Andrew Munday
    • 1
  • Sébastien Romy
    • 1
  1. 1.Département de ChirurgieHôpital Intercantonale de la BroyePayerneSwitzerland
  2. 2.Département de Chirurgie, Division de Chirurgie BariatriqueHôpital du Sacré-Coeur de Montréal, Université de MontréalMontréalCanada

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