World Health Organization Global Initiative for Emergency and Essential Surgical Care: 2011 and Beyond
- 667 Downloads
The world’s burden of surgical diseases is large and increasing. Unfortunately, <5 % of all surgical procedures are performed in countries ranked within the lowest one-third in terms of per-capita health expenditures . The unmet need for surgical care results in unacceptable morbidity/mortality rates associated with a host of conditions (trauma, pregnancy-related complications, other emergencies). This is especially true for rural and marginalized populations in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Recognizing that variations in the spectrum of surgical diseases are observed among and within countries, “essential” surgery and anesthesia may be viewed as a core group of services that can be delivered within the context of universal access. These high-priority interventions are those for which: (1) there is a large public health burden; (2) the treatment is highly successful; (3) the treatment is cost-effective .
To date, essential surgery and anesthesia have...
KeywordsPrimary Health Care Catastrophic Health Expenditure Policy Window National Health Plan Millenium Development Goal
- 7.GIEESC meeting report (2005) http://www.who.int/surgery/mission/GIEESC2005_Report.pdf/. Accessed 1 March 2012
- 8.GIEESC meeting report (2007) http://www.who.int/surgery/education_training/GIEESC_TanzaniaReportApril08.pdf/. Accessed 1 March 2012
- 9.GIEESC meeting report (2009) http://www.who.int/surgery/globalinitiative/3rdGIEESCreport2009.pdf/. Accessed 1 March 2012
- 10.Integrated management of emergency and essential surgical care. World Health Organization. www.who.int/surgery/publications/imeesc/. Accessed 1 March 2012
- 11.Anonymous (2003) Surgical care at the district hospital. World Health Organization, Geneva. www.who.int/surgery/publications/scdh_manual/. Accessed 1 March 2012
- 12.World Health Organization. Tool for situational analysis for emergency and essential surgical care. http://www.who.int/surgery/publications/quickSitAnalysisEESCsurvery.pdf/. Accessed 4 March 2012
- 23.World Health Organization. Service Availability Mapping (SAM). http://www.who.int/surgery/globalinititiative/en/. Accessed 1 March 2012
- 26.World Health Organization (2007) Everybody’s business: strengthening health systems to improve health outcomes: WHO’s framework for action. World Health Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar
- 29.Anonymous (1978) Declaration of Alma-Ata. International Conference on Primary Health Care, Alma-Ata, USSR. http://www.who.int/hpr/NPH/docs/declaration_almaata.pdf/. Accessed 28 Feb 2012
- 30.Anonymous (2008) World Health Report. Now More Than Ever. Geneva, World Health Organization, Primary Health CareGoogle Scholar