Special wound healing methods used in ancient Egypt and the mythological background

Abstract

The Egyptian civilisation is one of the oldest in history and was renowned for its scientific and artistic achievements, and medicine was no exception. The ancient Egyptians were masters in applying and arranging bandages, and they recognized the cardinal signs of infection and inflammation. Egyptian drug therapy can be regarded as having evolved from a system rooted in magic and empirical observation. To illustrate how the Egyptian wound healing methods provided a major stimulus for the development of surgery, we conducted a literature search.

Résumé

La civilisation d’Egypte est une des plus anciennes de l’histoire et reconnue pour ses accomplissements scientifiques et artistiques: la médecine n’a pas été une exception. Les égyptiens ont bríllés particulièrement en matière d’application et de soins par les pansements; ils reconnaissaient les signes cardinaux de l’infection et de l’inflammation. La thérapeutique médicamenteuse des égyptiens peut être regardée comme ayant évolué à partir d’un système dont les racines relevaient à la fois de la magie et de l’observation empirique. Afin d’illustrer comment la méthode de cicatrisation des égyptiens était un stimulus majeur dans le développement de la chirurgie, nous avons mené une recherche bibliographique.

Resumen

La civilización egipcia es una de las más antiguas en la historia de la humanidad y es famosa por sus logros científicos y artísticos, y la medicina no fue excepción. Los antiguos egipcios fueron maestros en la aplicación de vendas, y reconocieron los signos principales de la infección y la inflamación. La terapia farmacológica egipcia se desarrolló a partir de un sistema mágico y de la observación empírica. Hemos realizado una investigación de la literatura con el propósito de ilustrar cómo el método egipcio de cicatrízación de las heridas significó un estímulo mayor para el desarrolló de la cirugía.

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Correspondence to Péter Sipos.

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Sipos, P., Gyõry, H., Hagymási, K. et al. Special wound healing methods used in ancient Egypt and the mythological background. World J. Surg. 28, 211 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00268-003-7073-x

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Keywords

  • Propolis
  • Cardinal Sign
  • Ancient Egyptian
  • Inducible Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor
  • Artistic Achievement