Carbon Sequestration Potential and Marketable Carbon Value of Smallholder Agroforestry Parklands Across Climatic Zones of Burkina Faso: Current Status and Way Forward for REDD+ Implementation

Abstract

Agroforestry plays an important role in climate mitigation through atmospheric carbon removal by photosynthetic activity of tree. However, the carbon sequestration potential of smallholder’s agroforestry’s parklands is not well documented in Burkina Faso. Therefore, agroforestry parkland of smallholders’ farmers in three climatic zones was studied. Thirty household farmlands in each climatic zone representing about 35 ha were selected on which systematic woody species inventory and dendrometry data collections were undertaken. Nondestructive method using fitted allometrics equations was used to compute carbon stock. Sustainability analysis of carbon sequestration potential was done using ]0–10], ]10–40], and ]40–110 cm] diameter class as long term, medium term, and short term, respectively. The balance between marketable carbon value and the trade-off from tree conservation of three major crops was also analyzed. The results revealed 24.71 ± 5.84 tCO2 ha−1, 28.35 ± 5.84 tCO2 ha−1, and 33.86 ± 5.84 tCO2 ha−1 in Ouahigouya, Sapouy, and Bouroum-Bouroum at p < 0.1 respectively. Long- and short-term carbon sequestration potential was attributed to Ouahigouya with 1.82 and 68.03%, respectively. With, the medium term analysis Sapouy came first with 71.71% of total amount of carbon. The marketable carbon value was less than trade-off value resulting in keeping trees and crop production. The balance analysis revealed that carbon payment system promoted by REDD+ initiative will be profitable and compensable to smallholder farmers effort to plant and keep tree when the tCO2 ha−1 price will be around US$ 4.00. By taking into account farmers’ interests and profitability on carbon market will be the most relevant incentive method to enhance carbon stock in agroforestry parkland.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5

References

  1. Albrecht, A, Kandji, S T (2003) Carbon sequestration in tropical agroforestry systems. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ 99: 15–27. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-8809(03)00138-5

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Bayala J, Sanou, J, Teklehaimanot Z, Kalinganire A (2014) Parklands for buffering climate risk and sustaining agricultural production in the Sahel of West Africa. Curr. Opin. Envirn. Sustain 28–34. ScienceDirect. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2013.10.004

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Bunker D, De Clerck F, Bradford J, Colwell R, Garden, P, Perfecto I, Phillips, OL, Sankaran M, Naeem S (2005) Carbon sequestration and Biodiversity loss in a tropical forest. Sciences 310:1029–1031. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1117682

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Chabi A, Lautenbach S, Oladokoun V, Orekan A, Baffour NK (2016) Allometric models and aboveground biomass stocks of a West African Sudan Savannah watershed in Benin. Carbon Balance Manag. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13021-016-0058-5

  5. Cairns MA, Brown S, Helmer EH, Baumgardner GA (1997) Root biomass allocation in the world’s upland forests. Oecologia 111:1–11

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Cheng HH, Kimble J (2001) Characterization of soil organic carbon pools. In: Lal R, Kimble J, Follett RF, Stewart BA (eds) Assessment methods for soil carbon. Advances in soil science. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, FL, p 117–129

    Google Scholar 

  7. David N, Crane DE (2002) Carbon storage and sequestration by urban trees in the USA. Environ Pollut 116:381–389

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Dimobe K, Goetze D, Ouedraogo A, Mensah S, Akpagana K, Porembski S, Thiombiano A (2018) Aboveground biomass allometric equations and carbon content of the shea butter tree (Vitellaria paradoxa C. F. Gaertn., Sapotaceae) components in Sudanian savannas (West Africa). Agroforestry https://doi.org/10.1007/s10457-018-0213-y

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Ekoungoulou R, Shukui N, Loumeto JJ, Ifo SA, Bocko YE, Fleury MFE, Guiekisse EDM, Senou H, Liu X (2015) Evaluating the carbon stock in above-and below-ground biomass in a moist central african forest. Appl Ecol Environ Sci 3:51–59

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Eamus D, McGuiness K, Burrows W (2000) Review of allometric relationships for estimating woody biomass for Queens land, the northern territory and Western Australia. Technical Report No. 5A. National Carbon Accounting System (NCAS). Australia Greenhouse Office, Canberra, Australia

  11. Guessa FN, Gbala N, Martinez A, Ebagnerin J (2017) Carbon stocks in selected tree plantations, as compared with semi-deciduous forests in centre-west Côte d’Ivoire. Agric Ecosyst Environ 239:30–37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2017.01.015

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Gutierrez-Velez VH, Harris NL, Pearson TRH, Petrova S, Grimland S, Brown S (2009) USAID forest carbon calculator: data and equations for the agroforestry tool. USAID Cooperative Agreement No. EEM-A-00-06-00024-00. Winrock International

  13. ICRAF (2002) Putting carbon in its place: agroforestry solutions for global warming and poverty in the tropics. In: Science at the Cutting Edge. International Center for Research in Agroforestry, Nairobi, Kenya. http://www.icraf.cgiar.org/inform/CorpReport/Highlights2.pdf

  14. IFN 2 (2015) Guide d’utilisation de la base de données d’occupation des terres (BDOT) 2012 du Burkina Faso, p 29

  15. IPCC (2007) Climate change: synthesis report. Contribution of working groups I, II and III to the fourth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Geneva, p 52

    Google Scholar 

  16. Keith H, Barret D, Keenan R (2000) Review of allometric relationships for estimating woody biomass for New South Wales, the Australian Capital Territory, Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia. Technical Report No. 5A. National Carbon Accounting System (NCAS). Australia Greenhouse Office, Canberra, Australia

  17. Kuyah S, Dietz J, Muthuri C, Jamnadass R, Mwangi P, Coe R, Neufeldt H (2012) Allometric equations for estimating biomass in agriculture landscapes: I: aboveground biomass. Agr Ecosyst Environ 158:216–224

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Lindzen R (2009) On the observational determination of climate sensitivity and its implications. http://oneline.wsj.com. Accessed 14 June 2018

  19. Litton CM, Kauffman JB (2008) Allometric models for predicting aboveground biomass in two widespread woody plants in Hawaii. Biotropica 40:313–320

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. MAAH (Ministere de l’Agriculture et des Amenagement Hydraulique) (2017). Programme d’activites 2018 et perspectives 2019–2020. Ministere de l’Agriculture et des Amenagement Hydraulique, Burkina Faso, p 71

  21. Makundi WR, Sathaye JA (2004) GHG mitigation potential and cost intropical forestry—relative role for agroforestry. Environ Dev Sust 6:235–260

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. MEEVCC (2015) Intended Nationaly Determined Contribution (INDC) Burkina Faso. p 51

  23. Neya T, Daboue E, Neya O, Ouedraogo I, Sena KY (2017) Tolerance à la dessiccation des semences de Parinari curatellifolia planch. ex benth, Vitex doniana sweet et Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides (lam) watermann au Burkina Faso Desiccation tolerance of Parinari curatellifolia planch. ex benth, Vitex doniana sweet and Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides (lam) watermann. IJBCS 11:2730–2744. https://doi.org/10.4314/ijbcs.v11i6.14

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. Ofori-Frimpong K, Afrifa AA, Acquaye S (2010) Impact of shade and cocoa plant densities on soil organic carbon sequestration rates in a cocoa growing soil of Ghana. Afr J Environ Sci Technol 4:621–624

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  25. Pachauri R K (2014) Climate change 2014 synthesis report. IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland

  26. Pandey DN (2002) Carbon sequestration in agroforestry systems. Elsivier Climate policy 2, 367–377

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. Paris (2015) Adoption of the Paris Agreement Proposal by the President, 21932, 1–32 complete

  28. Peter GP, Andrew RM, Boden T, Canadell JG, Ciais P, Quere CLe, Gregg MG, Wilson C (2012) The challenge to keep global warming below 2 °C. Nature climate chnage 2–4

  29. Post WM, Kwon KC (2000) Soil carbon sequestration and land use change: processes and potential. Glob Change Biol 6:317–327

    Article  Google Scholar 

  30. Sanogo K, Gebrekirstos A, Bayala J, Villamor GB, Kalinganire A, Dodiomon S (2016) Potential of dendrochronology in assessing carbon sequestration rates of Vitellaria paradoxa in southern Mali, West Africa. Dendrochronologia 40:26–35. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dendro.2016.05.004

    Article  Google Scholar 

  31. Schroth G, McNeely JA (2011) Biodiversity conservation, ecosystem services and livelihoods in tropical landscapes: towards a common agenda. Environ Manag 48(2):229–236. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-011-9708-2

    Article  Google Scholar 

  32. Schulp CJE, Nabuurs G, Verburg PH, Waal RWD (2008) Effect of tree species on carbon stocks in forest floor and mineral soil and implicationsfor soil carbon inventories. For Ecol Manag 256:482–490. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2008.05.007

    Article  Google Scholar 

  33. Segura MA, Kanninen M, Suarez D (2005) Allometric models for estimating aboveground biomass of shade trees and coffee bushes grown together. Agrofor Syst 68:143–150

    Article  Google Scholar 

  34. Shulka SR, Viswanath S (2014) Comparative study on growth: wood quality and financial returns of teak (Tectona grandis L.f) managed under three different agroforestry practices. Agrofor Syst 88:331–341

    Article  Google Scholar 

  35. Somarriba E, Cerda R, Orozco L, Cifuentes M, Davila H, Espin T, Mavisoy H, Avila G, Alvarado E, Poveda V, Astorga C, Say E, Deheuvels O (2013) Carbon stocks and cocoa yields in agroforestry systems of Central America. Agric Ecosyst Environ 173:46–57

    Article  Google Scholar 

  36. SP/CONEDD (2010) Troisieme rapport sur l’etat de l’environnement au Burkina Faso. Rapport d’etude. p 320

  37. Takimoto A, Nair PKR, Nair VD (2008) Carbon stock and sequestration potential of traditional and improved agroforestry systems in the West African Sahel. Agric Ecosyst Environ 125:159–166

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  38. Thangata PH, Hildebrand PE (2012) Carbon stock and sequestration potential of agroforestry systems in smallholder agroecosystems of sub-Saharan Africa: mechanisms for “reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation” (REDD+). Agric Ecosyst Environ 158:172–183. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2012.06.007

    Article  Google Scholar 

  39. Thiombiano A, Kampmann D (2010) Atlas de la biodiversité de l'Afrique de l'Ouest, Tome II: Burkina Faso. Ouagadougou et Fankfurt/Main, BIOTA. p 592

  40. Vallejo M, Casas A, Pérez-Negrón E, Moreno-Calles AI, Hernández-Ordoñez O, Tellez O, Dávila P (2015) Agroforestry systems of the lowland alluvial valleys of the Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Biosphere Reserve: an evaluation of their biocultural capacity. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 11(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/1746-4269-11-8

    Article  Google Scholar 

  41. Vahedi AA, Mataji A, Babayi-Kafaki S, Eshaghi-Rad J, Hodjati SM, Djomo A (2014) Allometric equations for predicting aboveground biomass of beech-hornbeam stands in the Hyrcanian forests of Iran. J Sci 60:236–247

    Article  Google Scholar 

  42. Watson RT, Noble IR, Bolin B, Ravindranath NH, Verardo JD, Dokken DJ (2000) Land use, land-use change and forestry, IPCC special report. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 388. http://www.grida.no/climate/ipcc/landuse/index.htm

  43. Woomer PL, Karanja NK, Murage EW (2001) Estimating total system carbon in smallholder farming systems of the east Africa Highlands. In: Lal R, Kimble J, Follett RF, Stewart BA (Eds.) Management of carbon sequestration in soils. advances in soil science. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, p 58–78

    Google Scholar 

  44. World Bank Group, State and trends of carbon pricing. World Bank Group, 2017. p 104

  45. Xiang W, Zhou J, Ouyang S, Zhang S, Lei P, Li J, Deng X, Fang X, Forrester DI (2016) Species-specific and general allo-metric equations for estimating tree biomass components of subtropical forests in southern China. Eur J Res 135:963–979

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

Authors thank West African Science Service Center on Climate Change and Land Use (WASCAL) for their financial support to this PhD research. The authors also wish to thank smallholders’ farmers and technicians whose commitment was crucial to achieving the outputs of this study.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Tiga Neya.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Publisher’s note Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Neya, T., Abunyewa, A.A., Neya, O. et al. Carbon Sequestration Potential and Marketable Carbon Value of Smallholder Agroforestry Parklands Across Climatic Zones of Burkina Faso: Current Status and Way Forward for REDD+ Implementation. Environmental Management 65, 203–211 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-019-01248-6

Download citation

Keywords

  • Carbon dioxide
  • Trade-offs
  • Carbon market
  • Farmland
  • Smallholders
  • Burkina Faso