Angling into the Future: Ten Commandments for Recreational Fisheries Science, Management, and Stewardship in a Good Anthropocene
- 750 Downloads
A new geological epoch, the “Anthropocene”, has been defined as the period in which humans have had substantial geological and ecological influence on the planet. A positive future for this epoch can be referred to as the “good Anthropocene” and would involve effective management strategies and changes in human behavior that promote the sustainability and restoration of ecosystems. Recreational fisheries hold significant social, cultural, and economic value and can generate many benefits when managed sustainably and thus be an integral part of a “good Anthropocene”. Here, we list ten commandments to facilitate persistence and long-term sustainability of recreational fisheries in the “good Anthropocene”. This list includes fostering aquatic stewardship, promoting education, using appropriate capture gear, adopting evidence-based management approaches, promoting the concept of resilience, obtaining and using effort data in management, embracing the ecosystem approach, engaging in multilevel collaboration, enhancing accessibility, and embracing optimism. When used singly, or simultaneously, these ten commandments will contribute to the harmonization of sustainable fish populations and angling practices, to create recreational fisheries’ “bright spots”.
KeywordsRecreational fishing Anthropocene Sustainability Management Commandments
We thank the many members of the recreational fishing community who have helped to shape our thinking.
Cooke is supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada and the Canada Research Chairs Program.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
- Arlinghaus R, Cooke SJ (2009) Recreational fisheries: socioeconomic importance, conservation issues and management challenges. In: Dickson B, Hutton J, Adams WM (eds) Recreational hunting, conservation and rural livelihoods: science and practice. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, p 39–58Google Scholar
- Arlinghaus, R, Lorenzen, K, Johnson, BM, Cooke, SJ, Cowx, IG (2016b) Management of freshwater fisheries: addressing habitat, people and fishes. In: Craig JF (ed) Freshwater fisheries ecology. Wiley Blackwell, Oxford, p 557–579Google Scholar
- Bower SD, Nguyen VM, Danylchuk AJ, Beard Jr. TD, Cooke SJ (2014) Inter-sectoral conflict and recreational fisheries of the developing world: opportunities and challenges for co-operation. In: McConney P, Medeiros R, Pena M (eds) Enhancing stewardship in small-scale fisheries: practices and perspectives. Too big to ignore (TBTI) and Centre for Resource Management and Environmental Studies, The University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, Barbados, p 88–97Google Scholar
- Casselman JM, Crossman EJ (1986) Size, age, and growth of trophy muskellunge and muskellunge-northern pike hybrids—the cleithrum project. Am Fish Soc Spec Publ 15:93–110Google Scholar
- Cooke SJ, Arlinghaus R, Bartley DM, Beard TD, Cowx IG, Essington TE, Jensen OP, Lynch A, Taylor WW, Watson R (2014) Where the waters meet: sharing ideas and experiences between inland and marine realms to promote sustainable fisheries management. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 71:1593–1601CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Cooke SJ, Arlinghaus R, Johnson BM, Cowx IG (2016a) Recreational fisheries in inland waters. In: Craig JF (ed) Freshwater fisheries ecology. Blackwell Science, Hoboken, p 449–465Google Scholar
- Cooke SJ, Lapointe NWR, Martins EG, Thiem JD, Raby GD, Taylor MK, Beard TD, Cowx IG (2013a) Failure to engage the public in issues related to inland fishes and fisheries: strategies for building public and political will to promote meaningful conservation. J Fish Biol 83:997–1018Google Scholar
- Cowx IG (2002) Recreational fishing. In: Hart PJB, Reynolds JD (eds) Handbook of fish biology, vol. 2. Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, p 367–390Google Scholar
- Cox SP, Beard TD, Walters C (2002) Harvest control in open-access sport fisheries: hot rod or asleep at the reel? Bull Mar Sci 70:749–761Google Scholar
- Crutzen PJ (2006) The “Anthropocene”. In: Ehlers E, Krafft T (eds) Earth system science in the anthropocene. Springer, Berlin, p 13–18Google Scholar
- Danylchuk, AJ, Cooke SJ, Suski CD, Goldberg TL, Petersen JD, Danylchuk SE (2011) Involving recreational anglers in developing best handling practices for catch-and-release fishing of bonefish (Albula spp): a new model of citizen science in an aquatic setting. American Fisheries Society Symposium 75, 95–111Google Scholar
- Diana JS, Margenau TL (2007) The Muskellunge symposium: a memorial tribute to EJ crossman, vol. 26 Springer Science, NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
- EIFAC (2008) EIFAC code of practice for recreational fisheries. EIFAC Occasional Paper No. 42. FAO, Rome, 45 ppGoogle Scholar
- FAO (2012) FAO technical guidelines for responsible fisheries. No. 13. Recreational Fisheries. FAO, Rome, p 176Google Scholar
- Gardner E (2013) Adaptive management in the face of climate change and endangered species protection. Ecol Law Q 40:229–270Google Scholar
- Hood PB, Strelcheck AJ, Steele P (2007) A history of red snapper management in the Gulf of Mexico. Red Snapper Ecol Fish US Gulf Mex 60:267–284Google Scholar
- Kerr SJ (2011) Distribution and management of muskellunge in North America: an overview. Fisheries Policy Section, Biodiversity Branch, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, PeterboroughGoogle Scholar
- McPhee D (2011) Marine park planning and recreational fishing: is the science lost at sea? Case studies from Australia. Int J Sci Soc 2:23Google Scholar
- Mora, C, Myers, RA, Coll, M, Libralato, S, Pitcher, TJ, Sumaila, RU, Zeller, D, Watson, R, Gaston, KJ and Worm, B (2009). Management effectiveness of the World’s marine fisheries. PLoS Biol 7 e1000131.Google Scholar
- NMFS (2006) Status report on the continental United States distinct population segment of the goliath grouper (Epinephelus itajara), pp. 49Google Scholar
- NMFS (2008) New regulations requiring circle hooks, dehooking devices, and venting tools for Gulf of Mexico reef fish effective June 1, 2008. Frequently asked questions March 2008, Technical DocumentGoogle Scholar
- Porch CE, Eklund AM, Scott GP (2006) A catch-free stock assessment model with application to goliath grouper (Epinephelus itajara) off southern Florida. Fish Bull 104:89–101Google Scholar
- Venturelli PA, Hyder K, Skov C (2016) Angler apps as a source of recreational fisheries data: opportunities, challenges and proposed standards. Fish Fish doi: 10.1111/faf.12189
- Walters C, Cox S (1999) Maintaining quality in recreational fisheries: how success breeds failure in management of open-access sport fisheries. Fish Center Res Rep 7:22–29Google Scholar