Environmental Management

, Volume 52, Issue 6, pp 1453–1462 | Cite as

Light Availability Prevails Over Soil Fertility and Structure in the Performance of Asian Knotweeds on Riverbanks: New Management Perspectives

  • Fanny Dommanget
  • Thomas Spiegelberger
  • Paul Cavaillé
  • André Evette
Article

Abstract

Asian knotweeds (Fallopia spp.) are considered one of the world’s most invasive species. Restoring habitats dominated by these exotic species requires a better understanding of the importance of abiotic factors controlling the invasive knotweeds performance. We used observational data obtained on the embankment of the Isère River (France) to study the performance of Fallopia spp. under different soil, light, and disturbance conditions. On the Isère riverbanks, light intensity assessed by light quantity transmitted through canopy was the most important factor explaining the variability observed on knotweed performance expressed as above-ground biomass per square meter. Asian knotweeds were more productive under intensive light conditions. Alternatively other factors such as mowing (twice a year), soil fertility, soil texture, position on the bank or exposure to the sun had no significant effect on knotweed biomass production. We conclude that decreasing light resources, for example, by increasing competitive pressure on sites dominated by Asian knotweeds could be included in management plans to control the populations of this invasive taxon.

Keywords

Ecological engineering Disturbance Fallopia Light Mowing Soil 

Supplementary material

267_2013_160_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (11 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 11 kb)

References

  1. Adachi N, Terashima I, Takahashi M (1996) Central die-back of monoclonal stands of Reynoutria japonica in an early stage of primary succession on Mount Fuji. Ann Bot 77(5):477–486CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aguilera AG, Alpert P, Dukes JS, Harrington R (2010) Impacts of the invasive plant Fallopia japonica (Houtt.) on plant communities and ecosystem processes. Biol Invasions 12(5):1243–1252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bailey JP, Bímová K, Mandák B (2007) The potential role of polyploidy and hybridisation in the further evolution of the highly invasive Fallopia taxa in Europe. Ecol Res 22(6):920–928CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bailey JP, Bímová K, Mandák B (2009) Asexual spread versus sexual reproduction and evolution in Japanese knotweed s.l. sets the stage for the “battle of the clones”. Biol Invasions 11(5):1189–1203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Barney JN, Whitlow TH, Lembo Jr. AJ (2008) Revealing historic invasion patterns and potential invasion sites for two non-native plant species. PLoS One 3(2):e1635Google Scholar
  6. Barták R, Konupková Kalousová Š, Krupová B (2010) Methods of elimination of invasive knotweed species (Reynoutria spp.). Moravian-Silesian Region in cooperation with ČSOP Salamandr and with financial support from the European Union, 2010Google Scholar
  7. Beerling DJ (1991) The effect of Riparian land use on the occurrence and abundance of Japanese knotweed Reynoutria japonica on selected rivers in South Wales. Biol Conserv 55(3):329–337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bímová K, Mandák B, Pyšek P (2003) Experimental study of vegetative regeneration in four invasive Reynoutria taxa (Polygonaceae). Plant Ecol 166(1):1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bímová K, Mandák B, Kašparová I (2004) How does Reynoutria invasion fit the various theories of invasibility? J Veg Sci 15(4):495–504Google Scholar
  10. Blumenthal DM, Jordan NR, Russelle MP (2003) Soil carbon addition controls weeds and facilitates prairie restoration. Ecol Appl 13(3):605–615CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Bradford MA, Schumacher HB, Catovsky S, Eggers T, Newingtion JE, Tordoff GM (2007) Impacts of invasive plant species on riparian plant assemblages: interactions with elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide and nitrogen deposition. Oecologia 152(4):791–803CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Bravard JP (1989) La métamorphose des rivières des Alpes françaises à la fin du moen-age et à l’époque moderne. Bull de la Société Géographique de Liège 25:145–157Google Scholar
  13. Brown CS, Anderson VJ, Claassen VP, Stannard ME, Wilson LM, Atkinson SY, Bromberg JE, Grant Iii TA, Munis MD (2008) Restoration ecology and invasive plants in the semiarid west. Invasive Plant Sci Manag 1(4):399–413CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Burns JH (2006) Relatedness and environment affect traits associated with invasive and noninvasive introduced Commelinaceae. Ecol Appl 16(4):1367–1376CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Burton ML, Samuelson LJ, Pan S (2005) Riparian woody plant diversity and forest structure along an urban–rural gradient. Urban Ecosyst 8(1):93–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Cavaillé P, Dommanget F, Daumergue N, Loucougaray G, Spiegelberger T, Tabacchi E, Evette A (2013) Biodiversity assessment following a naturality gradient of riverbank protection structures in French prealps rivers. Ecol Eng 53:23–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Chiba N, Hirose T (1993) Nitrogen acquisition and use in three perennials in the early stage of primary succession. Funct Ecol 7(3):287–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Choler P (2002) Niche differentiation and distribution of Carex curvula along a bioclimatic gradient in the southwestern Alps. J Veg Sci 13:851–858Google Scholar
  19. Crowhurst G (2006) Managing Japanese knotweed on development sites. Environ Law Manag 18(6):296–302Google Scholar
  20. Daehler CC (2003) Performance comparisons of co-occurring native and alien invasive plants: implications for conservation and restoration. Annu Rev Ecol Evol Syst 34:183–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Dale MP, Causton DR (1992) The ecophysiology of Veronica chamaedrys, V. montana and V. officinalis. III. Effects of shading on the phenology of biomass allocations—a field experiment. J Ecol 80(3):505–515CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Dassonville N, Vanderhoeven S, Gruber W, Meerts P (2007) Invasion by Fallopia japonica increases topsoil mineral nutrient concentrations. Ecoscience 14(2):230–240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. DeFerrari CMN, Robert J (1994) A multi-scale assessment of the occurrence of exotic plants on the Olympic Peninsula, Washington. J Veg Sci 5:247–258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Drever CR (2005) Assessing light and conifer growth in a riparian restoration treatment along Spirit Creek, British Columbia. Northwest Sci 79(1):44–52Google Scholar
  25. Eschtruth AK, Battles JJ (2011) The importance of quantifying propagule pressure to understand invasion: an examination of riparian forest invasibility. Ecology 92(6):1314–1322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Evans JP, Cain ML (1995) A spatially explicit test of foraging behavior in a clonal plant. Ecology 76(4):1147–1155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Evette A, Labonne S, Rey F, Liébault F, Jancke O, Girel J (2009) History of bioengineering techniques for erosion control in rivers in western Europe. Environ Manag 43(6):972–984CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Evette A, Balique C, Lavaine C, Rey F, Prunier P (2012) Using ecological and biogeographical features to produce a typology of the plant species used in bioengineering for riverbank protection in Europe. River Res Appl 28(10):1830–1842CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Frazer GW, Canham CD (1999) Gap light analyzer. Imaging software to extract forest canopy structure and gap light transmission indices from true-colour hemispherical (fisheye) photographs. Simon Fraser University, Institute of Ecosystem Studies, BurnabyGoogle Scholar
  30. Fujiyoshi M, Kagawa A, Nakatsubo T, Masuzawa T (2005) Successional changes in mycorrhizal type in the pioneer plant communities of a subalpine volcanic desert on Mt. Fuji, Japan. Polar Biosci 18:60–72Google Scholar
  31. Funk JL, McDaniel S (2010) Altering light availability to restore invaded forest: the predictive role of plant traits. Restor Ecol 18(6):865–872CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Funk JL, Cleland EE, Suding KN, Zavaleta ES (2008) Restoration through reassembly: plant traits and invasion resistance. Trends Ecol Evol 23(12):695–703CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Gerber E, Krebs C, Murrell C, Moretti M, Rocklin R, Schaffner U (2008) Exotic invasive knotweeds (Fallopia spp.) negatively affect native plant and invertebrate assemblages in European riparian habitats. Biol Conserv 141(3):646–654CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Gerber E, Murrell C, Krebs C, Bilat J, Schaffner U (2010) Evaluating non-chemical management methods against invasive exotic knotweeds, Fallopia spp. CABI, EghamGoogle Scholar
  35. Girel J (1994) Old distribution procedure of both water and matter fluxes in floodplains of western Europe: impact on present vegetation. Environ Manag 8(2):203–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Gu B (2006) Environmental conditions and phosphorus removal in Florida lakes and wetlands inhabited by Hydrilla verticillata (Royle): implications for invasive species management. Biol Invasions 8(7):1569–1578CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Herpigny B, Dassonville N, Ghysels P, Mahy G, Meerts P (2012) Variation of growth and functional traits of invasive knotweeds (Fallopia spp.) in Belgium. Plant Ecol 213(3):419–430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Hughes F, Richards K, Girel J, Moss T, Muller E, Nilsson C, Rood S (2003) The flooded forest: guidance for policy makers and river managers in Europe on the restoration of floodplain forests. European CommissionGoogle Scholar
  39. ISSG (2008) Invasive species specialist group gateway—UICN. http://www.issg.org/index.html. Accessed 5 Mar 2010
  40. Jolliffe IT (2002) Principal component analysis. Springer series in statistics, 2nd revised edition edn, Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  41. Kobayashi T, Okamoto K, Kanazawa Y, Hori Y (2005) Differences in plant-size structure and biomass allocation in plants between exposed and shaded Plantago asiatica populations at a mid-elevated habitat in the cool-temperate region of Japan. Plant Species Biol 20(1):47–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Le Berre M (2010) Suivi d’une étude expérimentale de lutte contre les renouées exotiques invasives (Fallopia spp.) sur les digues de l’Isère. Université Joseph Fourier, ADIDR, GrenobleGoogle Scholar
  43. Lecerf A, Patfield D, Boiché A, Riipinen MP, Chauvet E, Dobson M (2007) Stream ecosystems respond to riparian invasion by Japanese knotweed (Fallopia japonica). Can J Fish Aquat Sci 64(9):1273–1283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Lee CS, Cho YC, Shin HC, Kim GS, Pi JH (2010) Control of an invasive alien species, Ambrosia trifida with restoration by introducing willows as a typical riparian vegetation. J Ecol Field Biol 33(2):157–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Legendre P, Legendre L (1998) Numerical ecology. Developments in environmental modelling 20. Elsevier, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  46. Lozon JD, MacIsaac HJ (1997) Biological invasions: are they dependent on disturbance? Environ Rev 5(2):131–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Maerz JC, Blossey B, Nuzzo V (2005) Green frogs show reduced foraging success in habitats invaded by Japanese knotweed. Biodivers Conserv 14(12):2901–2911CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Mandle L, Warren DL, Hoffmann MH, Peterson AT, Schmitt J, von Wettberg EJ (2010) Conclusions about niche expansion in introduced impatiens walleriana populations depend on method of analysis. PLoS One 5(12):e15297Google Scholar
  49. Maule HG, Andrews M, Morton JD, Jones AV, Daly GT (1995) Sun/shade acclimation and nitrogen nutrition of Tradescantian fluminensis, a problem weed in New Zealand native forest remnants. N Z J Ecol 19(1):35–46Google Scholar
  50. Maurel N, Fujiyoshi M, Muratet A, Porcher E, Motard E, Gargominy O, Machon N (2013) Biogeographic comparisons of herbivore attack, growth and impact of Japanese knotweed between Japan and France. J Ecol 101(1):118–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. McClain CD, Holl KD, Wood DM (2011) Successional models as guides for restoration of riparian forest understory. Restor Ecol 19(2):280–289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Meekins JF, McCarthy BC (2001) Effect of environmental variation on the invasive success of a nonindigenous forest herb. Ecol Appl 11(5):1336–1348CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Naiman RJ, Decamps H, Pollock M (1993) The role of riparian corridors in maintaining regional biodiversity. Ecol Appl 3(2):209–212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Parkinson H, Mangold J (2010) Biology, ecology and management of the knotweed complex. Montana State University, BozemanGoogle Scholar
  55. Perry LG, Galatowitsch SM (2006) Light competition for invasive species control: a model of cover crop–weed competition and implications for Phalaris arundinacea control in sedge meadow wetlands. Euphytica 148(1–2):121–134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Perry LG, Galatowitsch SM, Rosen CJ (2004) Competitive control of invasive vegetation: a native wetland sedge suppresses Phalaris arundinacea in carbon-enriched soil. J Appl Ecol 41(1):151–162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Petitpierre B, Kueffer C, Broennimann O, Randin C, Daehler C, Guisan A (2012) Climatic niche shifts are rare among terrestrial plant invaders. Science 335(6074):1344–1348CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Planty-Tabacchi AM, Tabacchi E, Naiman RJ, Deferrari C, Décamps H (1996) Invasibility of species-rich communities in riparian zones. Conserv Biol 10(2):598–607CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Price EAC, Gamble R, Williams GG, Marshall C (2001) Seasonal patterns of partitioning and remobilization of C-14 in the invasive rhizomatous perennial Japanese knotweed (Fallopia japonica (Houtt.) Ronse Decraene). Evol Ecol 15(4–6):347–362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Pyšek P, Prach K (1993) Plant invasions and the role of riparian habitats: a comparison of four species alien to central Europe. J Biogeogr 20(4):413–420CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Pyšek P, Prach K (1994) How important are rivers for supporting plant invasions? Ecology and management of invasive riverside plants. Wiley, ChichesterGoogle Scholar
  62. Quinn LD, Holt JS (2009) Restoration for resistance to invasion by giant reed (Arundo donax). Invasive Plant Sci Manag 2(4):279–291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. R Development Core Team (2009) R: a language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, ViennaGoogle Scholar
  64. Reever Morghan KJ, Rice KJ (2006) Variation in resource availability changes the impact of invasive thistles on native bunchgrasses. Ecol Appl 16(2):528–539CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Richardson DM, Holmes PM, Esler KJ, Galatowitsch SM, Stromberg JC, Kirkman SP, Pyšek P, Hobbs RJ (2007) Riparian vegetation: degradation, alien plant invasions, and restoration prospects. Divers Distrib 13(1):126–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Rouifed S, Bornette G, Mistler L, Piola F (2011) Contrasting response to clipping in the Asian knotweeds Fallopia japonica and Fallopia × bohemica. Ecoscience 18(2):110–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Saad L, Tiébré MS, Hardy OJ, Mahy G, Vanderhoeven S (2011) Patterns of hybridization and hybrid survival in the invasive alien Fallopia complex (Polygonaceae). Plant Ecol Evol 144(1):12–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Schnitzler A, Schlesier S (1997) Ecologie, biogéographie et possibilités de contrôle des populations invasives de Renouées asiatiques (Fallopia japonica et fallopia sachalinensis) en Europe. Le cas particulier du bassin Rhin Meuse. AERM;Centre de Recherches Ecologiques METZ; Université METZ; Laboratoire de phytoécologie METZGoogle Scholar
  69. Selzer LJ, Lencinas MV, Martínez-Pastur GJ, Busso CA (2013) Light and soil moisture effects on biomass and its allocation in Osmorhiza depauperata Philippi (Apiaceae). Ecol Res 28(3):469–480CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Siemens TJ, Blossey B (2007) An evaluation of mechanisms preventing growth and survival of two native species in invasive Bohemian knotweed (Fallopia xbohemica, Polygonaceae). Am J Bot 94(5):776–783CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Slade AJ, Hutchings MJ (1987) The effects of light intensity on foraging in the clonal herb Glechoma hederacea. J Ecol 75(3):639–650CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Smith JMD, Ward JP, Child LE, Owen MR (2007) A simulation model of rhizome networks for Fallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed) in the United Kingdom. Ecol Model 200(3–4):421–432CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. SMVOA (2005–2009) Bilan du programme de lutte contre la Renouée du Japon. Syndicat mixte de la Vallée de l’Orge Aval, Viry-ChatillonGoogle Scholar
  74. Stuefer JF, During HJ, De Kroon H (1994) High benefits of clonal integration in two stoloniferous species, in response to heterogeneous light environments. J Ecol 82(3):511–518CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Thuiller W (2007) Biodiversity climate change and the ecologist. Nature 448:550–552CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Tiébré MS, Saad L, Mahy G (2008) Landscape dynamics and habitat selection by the alien invasive Fallopia (Polygonaceae) in Belgium. Biodivers Conserv 17(10):2357–2370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Vitousek PM, D’Antonio CM, Loope LL, Rejmanek M, Westbrooks R (1997) Introduced species: a significant component of human-caused global change. N Z J Ecol 21(1):1–16Google Scholar
  78. Vrchotová N, Šerá B (2008) Allelopathic properties of knotweed rhizome extracts. Plant Soil Environ 54(7):301–303Google Scholar
  79. Werger MJA, Huber H (2006) Tuber size variation and organ preformation constrain growth responses of a spring geophyte. Oecologia 147(3):396–405CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Weston LA, Barney JN, DiTommaso A (2005) A review of the biology and ecology of three invasive perennials in New York State: Japanese knotweed (Polygonum cuspidatum), mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris) and pale swallow-wort (Vincetoxicum rossicum). Plant Soil 277(1–2):53–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Yue C, Chang J, Wang K, Zhu Y (2004) Response of clonal growth in Phyllostachys praecox f. prevernalis to changing light intensity. Aust J Bot 52(2):171–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fanny Dommanget
    • 1
    • 2
  • Thomas Spiegelberger
    • 2
    • 3
  • Paul Cavaillé
    • 2
  • André Evette
    • 2
  1. 1.Research Unit Mountain EcosystemsAgroParisTech, ENGREFSaint-Martin-d’HèresFrance
  2. 2.Research Unit Mountain EcosystemsIrsteaSaint-Martin-d’HèresFrance
  3. 3.Restoration Ecology Research GroupLaboratory of Ecological Systems (ECOS) - Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research (WSL), Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL)LausanneSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations