Environmental Management

, Volume 49, Issue 2, pp 445–458 | Cite as

GIS and the Analytic Hierarchy Process for Regional Landfill Site Selection in Transitional Countries: A Case Study From Serbia

  • Tamara Zelenović VasiljevićEmail author
  • Zorica Srdjević
  • Ratko Bajčetić
  • Mirjana Vojinović Miloradov


The Serbian National Waste Management Strategy for the Period 2010–2019, harmonized with the European Union Directives, mandates new and very strict requirements for landfill sites. To enable analysis of a number of required qualitative and quantitative factors for landfill site selection, the traditional method of site selection must be replaced with a new approach. The combination of GIS and the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) was selected to solve this complex problem. The Srem region in northern Serbia, being one of the most environmentally sensitive areas, was chosen as a case study. Seventeen factors selected as criteria/sub-criteria were recognized as most important, divided into geo-natural, environmental, social and techno-economic factors, and were evaluated by experts from different fields using an AHP extension in Arc GIS. Weighted spatial layers were combined into a landfill suitability map which was then overlapped with four restriction maps, resulting in a final suitability map. According to the results, 82.65% of the territory of Srem is unsuitable for regional landfill siting. The most suitable areas cover 9.14%, suitable areas 5.24%, while areas with low and very low suitability cover 2.21 and 0.76% of the territory, respectively. Based on these findings, five sites close to two large urban agglomerations were suggested as possible locations for a regional landfill site in Srem. However, the final decision will require further field investigation, a public acceptance survey, and consideration of ownership status and price of the land.


Regional landfill siting Analytic hierarchy process Geographic information system Criterion Restriction Dual factors 



The authors would like to thank PE Urban and the Spatial Planning Institute of Vojvodina, which provided a grant for Tamara Zelenović Vasiljević’s doctoral studies tuition. Also, the authors would like to thank PE Urban and Spatial Planning Institute of Vojvodina, The Provincial Secretary of Architecture, Urbanism and Environmental Protection and Vode Vojvodine Public Water Management Company for support provided through the assigned maps from spatial data bases. The research results constitute the first phase of Tamara Zelenović Vasiljević’s doctoral thesis. Gratitude is also extended to the reviewers and the editor of this paper.

Supplementary material

267_2011_9792_MOESM1_ESM.doc (76 kb)
Appendix Supplementary Material. The pair-wise comparison matrices and weighting coefficients of decision factors (DOC 75 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tamara Zelenović Vasiljević
    • 1
    Email author
  • Zorica Srdjević
    • 2
  • Ratko Bajčetić
    • 3
  • Mirjana Vojinović Miloradov
    • 4
  1. 1.Public Enterprise Urban and Spatial Planning Institute of VojvodinaNovi SadSerbia
  2. 2.Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Water ManagementUniversity of Novi SadNovi SadSerbia
  3. 3.Vode Vojvodine Public Water Management CompanyNovi SadSerbia
  4. 4.Faculty of Technical Science, Department for Environmental EngineeringUniversity of Novi SadNovi SadSerbia

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