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Deforestation Projections for Carbon-Rich Peat Swamp Forests of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia


We evaluated three spatially explicit land use and cover change (LUCC) models to project deforestation from 2005–2020 in the carbon-rich peat swamp forests (PSF) of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Such models are increasingly used to evaluate the impact of deforestation on carbon fluxes between the biosphere and the atmosphere. We considered both business-as-usual (BAU) and a forest protection scenario to evaluate each model’s accuracy, sensitivity, and total projected deforestation and landscape-level fragmentation patterns. The three models, Dinamica EGO (DE), GEOMOD and the Land Change Modeler (LCM), projected similar total deforestation amounts by 2020 with a mean of 1.01 million ha (Mha) and standard deviation of 0.17 Mha. The inclusion of a 0.54 Mha strict protected area in the LCM simulations reduced projected loss to 0.77 Mha over 15 years. Calibrated parameterizations of the models using nearly identical input drivers produced very different landscape properties, as measured by the number of forest patches, mean patch area, contagion, and Euclidean nearest neighbor determined using Fragstats software. The average BAU outputs of the models suggests that Central Kalimantan may lose slightly less than half (45.1%) of its 2005 PSF by 2020 if measures are not taken to reduce deforestation there. The relatively small reduction of 0.24 Mha in deforestation found in the 0.54 Mha protection scenario suggests that these models can identify potential leakage effects in which deforestation is forced to occur elsewhere in response to a policy intervention.

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The authors thank the editors and the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments. The Indonesia-Australia Forest Climate Partnership (IACFP) in Jakarta and Central Kalimantan provided data and financial support to MH and DF needed to initiate this research activity.

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Correspondence to Douglas O. Fuller.

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Fuller, D.O., Hardiono, M. & Meijaard, E. Deforestation Projections for Carbon-Rich Peat Swamp Forests of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Environmental Management 48, 436–447 (2011).

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  • LUCC models
  • Terrestrial carbon
  • Deforestation
  • Indonesia
  • Peat swamp forest
  • Landscape metrics