Land Use-Based Landscape Planning and Restoration in Mine Closure Areas

Abstract

Landscape planning and restoration in mine closure areas is not only an inevitable choice to sustain mining areas but also an important path to maximize landscape resources and to improve ecological function in mine closure areas. The analysis of the present mine development shows that many mines are unavoidably facing closures in China. This paper analyzes the periodic impact of mining activities on landscapes and then proposes planning concepts and principles. According to the landscape characteristics in mine closure areas, this paper classifies available landscape resources in mine closure areas into the landscape for restoration, for limited restoration and for protection, and then summarizes directions for their uses. This paper establishes the framework of spatial control planning and design of landscape elements from “macro control, medium allocation and micro optimization” for the purpose of managing and using this kind of special landscape resources. Finally, this paper applies the theories and methods to a case study in Wu’an from two aspects: the construction of a sustainable land-use pattern on a large scale and the optimized allocation of typical mine landscape resources on a small scale.

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Acknowledgments

This article is funded by China’s National Scientific and Technical Supporting Programs during the 11th Five-year Plan, entitled “Key Technology of Regional Land Resource Security Control and Adjustment” (No. 2006BAB15B06) and China Scholarship Council (CSC). Authors thank Dr. Ping Wang, China University of Mining and Technology, Beijing, and Miss. Yikun Cao and Dr. Dingxuan Zhang, China University of Geosciences, Beijing, for their precious suggestions on this article. And authors gratefully acknowledge the colleagues and friends in Land Resources Bureau of Wu’an for offering the basic data and the relevant information.

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Correspondence to Meichen Fu.

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Zhang, J., Fu, M., Hassani, F.P. et al. Land Use-Based Landscape Planning and Restoration in Mine Closure Areas. Environmental Management 47, 739–750 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-011-9638-z

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Keywords

  • Landscape planning
  • Landscape restoration
  • Mine closure
  • Existing landscape
  • China