Environmental Management

, Volume 47, Issue 5, pp 739–750 | Cite as

Land Use-Based Landscape Planning and Restoration in Mine Closure Areas

  • Jianjun Zhang
  • Meichen Fu
  • Ferri P. Hassani
  • Hui Zeng
  • Yuhuan Geng
  • Zhongke Bai


Landscape planning and restoration in mine closure areas is not only an inevitable choice to sustain mining areas but also an important path to maximize landscape resources and to improve ecological function in mine closure areas. The analysis of the present mine development shows that many mines are unavoidably facing closures in China. This paper analyzes the periodic impact of mining activities on landscapes and then proposes planning concepts and principles. According to the landscape characteristics in mine closure areas, this paper classifies available landscape resources in mine closure areas into the landscape for restoration, for limited restoration and for protection, and then summarizes directions for their uses. This paper establishes the framework of spatial control planning and design of landscape elements from “macro control, medium allocation and micro optimization” for the purpose of managing and using this kind of special landscape resources. Finally, this paper applies the theories and methods to a case study in Wu’an from two aspects: the construction of a sustainable land-use pattern on a large scale and the optimized allocation of typical mine landscape resources on a small scale.


Landscape planning Landscape restoration Mine closure Existing landscape China 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jianjun Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Meichen Fu
    • 1
  • Ferri P. Hassani
    • 2
  • Hui Zeng
    • 3
  • Yuhuan Geng
    • 4
  • Zhongke Bai
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Land Science and TechnologyChina University of GeosciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of Mining and Material EngineeringMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  3. 3.Socialwork DepartmentChina Women’s UniversityBeijingChina
  4. 4.School of Earth Sciences and ResourcesChina University of GeosciencesBeijingChina

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