Submuscular Periareolar Approach to Augmentation Mammoplasty in Korean Women
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Augmentation mammoplasty can be approached by various methods according to the type of implant and implantation site depending on the status of the patient or surgeon's preference. The advantage for submuscular placement is based on problems associated with subglandular placement, especially capsular contracture and sensory changes in the nipple, and interference with the interpretation of mammograms is avoided. There are fewer complications such as hematoma, infection, and extrusion of the implant with submuscular dissection and relatively avascular, minimal sensory changes in the nipple compared with subglandular approach. The submuscular periareolar approach to augmentation mammoplasty was first described in the 1970s. This approach provides easy access to both the subglandular and subpectoral planes. It also provides a central point of access for creation of the implant pocket, which allows for easier and more accurate dissection in all diameters. The resultant periareolar scar is usually minimal with less injury to breast parenchyme and eventual biopsy or mastectomy incision to be performed through or around the areola. During the period of March 1999 to January 2000, 19 cases of who received submuscular periareolar augmentation mammoplasty under general anesthesia resulted in favorable scars with accurate access to pocket margin, easier dissection, and less bleeding compared with submuscular transaxillary augmentation mammoplasty. In our experience with the submuscular periareolar approach to breast augmentation it was highly versatile, safe, and less painful; postoperative hematoma incidence was greatly reduced and breast tissue injury was minimized.
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