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The author describes a method of calf augmentation by a silicone prosthesis implant for correction of asymmetrical legs or aesthetic problems. Preference is given to the placement of soft silicone implants (Glitzentein implants); they are more natural looking than hard implants. The implants are placed over both heads of the gastrocnemius muscle or beneath the fascia cruris superficialis. Operations were performed from November 1985 to August 1999. One hundred patients were studied: 95 female and 5 male. Two hundred calf implants were performed: 188 soft implants (Glitzenstein), 6 hard implants (Aiache), and 6 together on the same leg (Glitzenstein and Aiache implants). No infection problems, prosthesis rupture, or hematomas occurred. There were four seromas, but they disappeared in 15 days. Four prostheses were removed in two patients who did not like the final result. One prosthesis changed place, to the upper part of the calf. The operation is performed under sedative and local anesthesia, with an incision of approximately 4 to 5 cm in the popliteal pleat, at the same height as the fascia cruris. To date, no functional problem or muscular dysfunction has been provoked by silicone prosthesis implants. The patient walks 8 h after the surgery. We selected 500 patients who received implants in the legs with calf prostheses, fat implants, and prosthesis and fat implant together, during 14 years of follow-up, but the focus of this paper is a calf implant with prosthesis in 100 patients with 200 calf prosthesis implants.

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Felício, Y. Calfplasty. Aesth. Plast. Surg. 24, 141–147 (2000).

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  • Key words: Calf implantation—Calf augmentation