Materials Selection for the Injection into Vaginal Wall for Treatment of Vaginal Atrophy

Abstract

Vaginal atrophy caused by the aging process and perineal trauma has a negative impact on women. A new vaginal atrophy treatment is injection of materials into the vaginal wall, including platelet-rich plasma (PRP), autogenous fat graft (AFG), hyaluronic acid (HA), botulinum toxin (BTX), and collagen, but to date their efficacy has not been reviewed. Vaginal wall injection is available only for mild cases of vaginal atrophy or as an adjunct to vaginal surgery. PRP is used mainly to restore vaginal function, and multiple injections are needed to achieve good results in vaginal atrophy. HA, AFG, and collagen are used mainly to augment the vaginal wall. BTX injection can inhibit vaginal muscle spasm and reduce pain during sexual intercourse in patients with vaginismus. Injection of most of these materials into vaginal wall is effective and relatively safe. Vascular embolisms are the most serious complication of vaginal injection and should be prevented. In addition, there has been no randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial or discussion of methods to avoid serious complications resulting from vaginal injection. Therefore, further studies of the injection of materials into the vaginal wall to treat vaginal atrophy are required, and the procedures should be standardized to benefit more patients.

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Funding

This work was supported by the general support from China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2017M622732), National key research and development Program (2017YFC1103403) and the science and technology program of Guangdong Province (2016B090925001, 2017B090912006).

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Correspondence to Wenhua Huang.

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Zheng, Z., Yin, J., Cheng, B. et al. Materials Selection for the Injection into Vaginal Wall for Treatment of Vaginal Atrophy. Aesth Plast Surg (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00266-020-02054-w

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Keywords

  • Vaginal atrophy
  • Vaginal wall
  • Injection
  • Materials
  • Platelet-rich plasma
  • Autogenous fat
  • Hyaluronic acid