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Artificial Intelligence in Plastic Surgery: Applications and Challenges


New developments in artificial intelligence (AI) offer opportunities to enhance plastic surgery practice, research, and education. In this article, we review relevant AI tools and applications, including machine learning, reinforcement learning, and natural language processing. Our own Markov decision process for keloid treatment illustrates how these models are developed and can be used to enhance decision-making in clinical practice. Finally, we discuss challenges of implementing AI and knowledge gaps that must be addressed to successfully apply AI in plastic surgery.

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Dr. Chung reports grants from National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases and the National Institute on Aging, grants from National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, outside the submitted work.

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Correspondence to Keming Wang.

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Liang, X., Yang, X., Yin, S. et al. Artificial Intelligence in Plastic Surgery: Applications and Challenges. Aesth Plast Surg 45, 784–790 (2021).

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  • Artificial intelligence
  • Decision-making
  • Plastic surgery