External Quilting: New Technique to Avoid Haematoma in Gynaecomastia Surgery



Haematoma after gynaecomastia surgery is the most common early complication. It may necessitate a return to the theatre and cause increased infection risk, poor wound or delayed healing, and abnormal scar. Strategies to avoid haematoma range from perioperative blood pressure control to the use of tranexamic acid and compressive dressings.


To demonstrate a new technique that would avoid haematoma or limit its expansion should it occur, after gynaecomastia surgery.


One hundred and forty-nine patients had surgery for gynaecomastia between 2018 and 2019 by the senior author. External quilting sutures are used to obliterate any dead space following liposuction and piecemeal excision to address fatty, stromal, and glandular components. No drains are used. Patients receive cooling therapy before discharge, and they reattend clinic the following day for suture removal.


Two patients had haematomas which were managed conservatively and healed well. Fine suture tracks, which were observed in another two patients, became unnoticeable at 3 months. Overall, the complication rate in our cohort was 2.7% (haematoma 1.3%, temporary suture track 1.3%).


Our method is useful in minimising haematoma. It limits expansion of haematoma should it occur. Suture track is the other transient complication. This new technique in gynaecomastia correction is simple, yields good results, and gives the surgeon another option to deal with haematoma.

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Murugesan, L., Karidis, A. External Quilting: New Technique to Avoid Haematoma in Gynaecomastia Surgery. Aesth Plast Surg 44, 45–51 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00266-019-01537-9

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  • Gynaecomastia
  • External quilting
  • Haematoma