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Reversal of Post-filler Vision Loss and Skin Ischaemia with High-Dose Pulsed Hyaluronidase Injections

Abstract

Nose filler injections are very popular in many Asian countries to improve nose shape and projection. However, due to the vascular supply of nose from the ophthalmic artery and its communication with branches of the facial artery in this region, there could be a possibility of ophthalmic complications in case of an accidental intra-arterial injection of filler material. This may cause devastating complications of partial or complete vision loss with or without associated cutaneous ischaemic changes. We present a case report of a patient who developed features of vascular involvement after two ml of HA filler injection in the nasal dorsum, tip and columella. The patient initially developed tell-tale signs of impending skin necrosis in the nasal and forehead skin followed by ptosis, severe pain and progressive vision loss in the right eye until a point where the patient could only perceive light. The patient was managed with multiple doses of hyaluronidase in the involved skin and two doses of retrobulbar injection for vision loss. Significant recovery in the skin and ophthalmic components occurred within 20 days of filler injection. This case demonstrates that recovery of the ischaemic ophthalmic and cutaneous changes secondary to probable intra-arterial injection could be accomplished using combined retrobulbar and periorbital intracutaneous injections of high-dose pulsed hyaluronidase.

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Abbreviations

HDPH:

High dose pulsed hyaluronidase

HA:

Hyaluronic acid

ECA:

External carotid artery

ICA:

Internal carotid artery

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Correspondence to Krishan Mohan Kapoor.

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Wibowo, A., Kapoor, K.M. & Philipp-Dormston, W.G. Reversal of Post-filler Vision Loss and Skin Ischaemia with High-Dose Pulsed Hyaluronidase Injections. Aesth Plast Surg 43, 1337–1344 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00266-019-01421-6

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Keywords

  • Fillers
  • Vision loss
  • Blindness
  • Hyaluronidase
  • Ischaemia
  • Nose filler