Aesthetic Plastic Surgery

, Volume 41, Issue 4, pp 964–970 | Cite as

Prevalence of Body Dysmorphic Disorder in Plastic Surgery and Dermatology Patients: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis

  • Rafael Vilela Eiras RibeiroEmail author
Review Special Topics


The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder in plastic surgery and dermatology patients, by performing a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis. The most relevant studies published originally in any language were analyzed. The literature search was performed using the PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and Scielo databases. The final sample comprised 33 publications that were submitted to meta-analysis. The study verified that 15.04% of plastic surgery patients had body dysmorphic disorder (range 2.21–56.67%); patient mean age was 34.54 ± 12.41 years, and most were women (74.38%). Among dermatology patients, 12.65% (range 4.52–35.16%) had body dysmorphic disorder; patient mean age was 27.79 ± 9.03 years, and most were women (76.09%). Both plastic surgeons and dermatologists must adequately assess their patients to identify those with a higher likelihood of body dysmorphic disorder and should arrange multidisciplinary care for such individuals.

Level of Evidence V

This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors


Plastic surgery Dermatology Body dysmorphic disorder Prevalence 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The author declares that he has no conflicts of interest to disclose.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York and International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia PlásticaSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Faculty of Medical Sciences of Juiz de Fora (SUPREMA)Therezinha de Jesus Hospital and Maternity - Juiz de ForaJuiz de ForaBrazil

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