Aesthetic Plastic Surgery

, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 209–216 | Cite as

Numeric Expression of Aesthetics and Beauty

  • B. S. AtiyehEmail author
  • S. N. Hayek


Debate over what constitutes beauty, particularly beauty of the human body, has raged since philosophy began. Interested scholars have debated the meaning of beauty for centuries. However, it seems that numbers and the resulting numeric relationships play a fundamental role in the classification of the human body, and that a harmonic profile or body shape is produced only at certain definite numeric relationships. The beauty of individual features depends on “ideal” proportions, and it is suggested that expressing beauty in terms of geometry is possible. As the demand for aesthetic surgery has increased tremendously over the past few decades, it is becoming essential to be able to assess the possible satisfaction that can be expected after an aesthetic surgery procedure and to determine the beauty of the final result as precisely as possible.


Aesthetics Beauty Harmonic profile Ideal proportions Numeric expression 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Plastic and Reconstructive SurgeryAmerican University of Beirut Medical CenterBeirutLebanon
  2. 2.Plastic and Reconstructive SurgeryUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

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