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Aesthetic Plastic Surgery

, Volume 26, Issue 5, pp 375–382 | Cite as

Complications of Breast Augmentation with Injected Hydrophilic Polyacrylamide Gel

  • Ning-xin  Cheng
  • Yuan-lu  Wang
  • Jin-huang  Wang
  • Xiao-man  Zhang
  • Hong  Zhong

Since 1997, the hydrophilic polyacrylamide gel (PAAG), an injectable alloplastic biomaterial, imported from the Ukraine has been used for augmentation mammaplasty in China. There were twelve patients with various complications visiting our hospitals after breast augmentation with injected hydrophilic polyacrylamide gel by other clinics, even though such procedures are not performed in our clinical practices. The complications included four cases of PAAG-induced multiple induration and lumps, and one with lactation, three cases of hematoma, two cases of inflammation (infection), and persistent mastodymia, unsatisfactory contour results and abnormal skin sensations in each case. All patients have been treated by removing the injected gel and giving antibiotics. Other procedures included replacement by silicon breast prostheses, mammotomy, and segmental mastectomy. We suggest that the injectable hydrophilic polyacrylamide gel be contraindications for breast augmentation in any young female who is not married, or without a child, with a tendency to hemorrhage, and with little mammary tissue. Some considerations to prevent and manage these complications are discussed.

Keywords

Silicon Clinical Practice Multiple Induration Polyacrylamide Mammary Tissue 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ning-xin  Cheng
    • 1
  • Yuan-lu  Wang
    • 1
  • Jin-huang  Wang
    • 1
  • Xiao-man  Zhang
    • 1
  • Hong  Zhong
    • 1
  1. 1.Guangzhou, ChinaCN

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