Double calcaneal osteotomy with minimally invasive surgery for the treatment of severe flexible flatfeet

Abstract

Background

Severe flexible flatfoot deformity in children and adolescents is a complex problem. Calcaneal lengthening remains the gold standard for surgical correction at this institution. However, in a minority of patients, inadequate correction of valgus is noted at surgery and a further calcaneal shift osteotomy is done.

Methods

We have conducted a retrospective review of ten patients who received 15 combined minimally invasive calcaneal shift and calcaneal lengthening osteotomies, which were all performed by the senior author. All patients had failed conservative treatment. We describe our technique for double calcaneal osteotomy combining minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for the medial calcaneal shift with traditional open calcaneal lengthening osteotomy for treating children and adolescents with severe flexible flatfoot deformity.

Results

The average shift achieved was 8.07 mm. The average improvement in Meary’s angle was 14.99°. All of them had radiological and clinical union at 12 weeks. None of the patients developed sural nerve injury, wound breakdown, or infection of the MIS incision.

Conclusion

In double calcaneal osteotomies, the MIS calcaneal medial shift technique can be used safely with potentially lower risks of wound complications and sufficient medial shift, compared to conventional open extensive surgery.

Implications

MIS calcaneal shift osteotomy has an advantage over open conventional open technique in cases where the skin is under tension like in combined calcaneal lengthening osteotomy. With experience, the procedure can be faster than an open procedure.

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Correspondence to Hany Mourkus.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Mourkus, H., Prem, H. Double calcaneal osteotomy with minimally invasive surgery for the treatment of severe flexible flatfeet. International Orthopaedics (SICOT) 42, 2123–2129 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00264-018-3910-2

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Keywords

  • Calcaneal lengthening
  • Calcaneal osteotomy
  • Calcaneal osteotomies
  • Minimal invasive surgery
  • Flatfoot deformity
  • Flexible flatfoot