Aetiopathogenesis of cuff-tear arthropathy: Could juvenile joint laxity be considered a predisposing factor?
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Although many hypotheses have been formulated, aetiopathogenesis of cuff-tear arthropathy (CTA) is still motive for discussion. Since prevalence of CTA is notoriously higher in women, as is joint hypermobility, we hypothesised a possible correlation between the two conditions.
One hundred thirty-three (n = 133) consecutive patients with glenohumeral osteoarthritis [48 men, 85 women; mean age (SD) 72.32 (7.05)] were divided into two groups: Groups 1 (CTA) and 2 (concentric shoulder arthropathy) comprised 71 (22 men, 49 women) and 62 (26 men, 36 women), respectively. The presence of current or previous joint hypermobility was assessed using two standardised methodologies: the Beighton criteria score, and a five-item self-report questionnaire. Data were submitted to statistical analysis.
A moderate association between Beighton criteria and the five-item self-report (φ = 0.481, p < 0.001) was detected. Beighton criteria led to a diagnosis of joint hypermobility in 16 patients (22.5%) in Group 1 and 15 (24.2%) in Group 2. According to five-item self-report questionnaire, juvenile joint laxity was diagnosed in 11 (15.5%) and 12 (19.4%) patients in Groups 1 and 2, respectively. No significant association between groups and the Beighton criteria [χ2(1) = 0.051, p = 0.82] and five-item self-report questionnaire [χ2(1) = 0.67, p = 0.41] was found.
Juvenile joint hyperlaxity is not a predisposing factor for cuff arthropathy. Further studies will be needed to explain CTA aetiopathogenesis.
Levels of Evidence: III.
KeywordsCuff-tear arthropathy Aetiology Shoulder arthropathy Joint hypermobility Juvenile joint laxity Beighton score Beighton criteria Five-item self-report questionnaire
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The authors, their immediate family, and any research foundation with which they are affiliated did not receive any financial payments or other benefits from any commercial entity related to the subject of this article.
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