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International Orthopaedics

, Volume 42, Issue 6, pp 1347–1355 | Cite as

Diagnosis of long head of biceps tendinopathy in rotator cuff tear patients: correlation of imaging and arthroscopy data

  • Morgane Rol
  • Luc Favard
  • Julien Berhouet
Original Paper

Abstract

Introduction

The goal of this prospective study was to assess the reliability of pre-operative cross-sectional imaging for the diagnosis of long head of biceps (LHB) tendinopathy in patients with a rotator cuff tear.

Methods

Cross-sectional imaging with MRI or CT arthrography data from 25 patients operated upon because of a rotator cuff tear between 1 October 2015 and 1 April 2016 was analysed by one experienced orthopaedic surgeon, one experienced radiologist and one orthopaedic resident. The analysis consisted of determining whether the LHB was present, the extrinsic tendon abnormalities (dislocation, tendon coverage) and intrinsic abnormalities (fraying, inflammation, degeneration). These findings were then compared to intra-operative arthroscopy findings, which were used as the benchmark. The interobserver correlation between the three different examiners for the cross-sectional imaging analysis as well as the correlation between the imaging and arthroscopy data were determined.

Results

The correlation between the imaging and arthroscopy data was the highest (80%) for the determination of LHB dislocation from the bicipital groove. The other diagnostic elements (subluxation, coverage and tendon degeneration) were difficult to discern with preoperative imaging, and correlated poorly with the arthroscopy findings (45% to 65%). The interobserver correlation was moderate to strong for the diagnosis of extrinsic tendon abnormalities. It was low to moderate for intrinsic abnormalities.

Conclusion

Except for LHB dislocation, pre-operative imaging is not sufficient to make a reliable diagnosis of LHB tendinopathy. Arthroscopy remains the gold standard for the management of LHB tendinopathy, as diagnosed intra-operatively.

Keywords

Long head of biceps Rotator cuff tear Cross-sectional imaging Arthroscopy 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to Joanne Archambault, PhD for her editorial assistance.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Morgane Rol and Julien Berhouet: none.

Luc Favard: Tornier® consultant.

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Copyright information

© SICOT aisbl 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Université François Rabelais de Tours – Faculté de Médecine de Tours - CHRU Trousseau Service d’Orthopédie TraumatologieChambray-les-ToursFrance
  2. 2.Service Chirurgie Orthopédique et TraumatologiqueHôpital TrousseauToursFrance
  3. 3.Université François Rabelais de Tours – Laboratoire d’Informatique EA 6300-ERL-CNRS 6305, Ecole Polytechnique Universitaire de ToursToursFrance

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