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Cementless total hip arthroplasty for patients previously treated with femoral osteotomy for hip dysplasia: the incidence of periprosthetic fracture

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Femur deformities can make stem fixation difficult in total hip arthroplasty (THA). We report the clinical results of cementless THA using a press-fit stem in patients who had previously undergone femoral osteotomy for hip dysplasia.


The subjects included 66 hips in 64 patients, with the mean follow-up period of 7.3 years. THA was performed at a mean period of 17.1 years after intertrochanteric femoral osteotomy. Valgus osteotomy was performed in 42 hips, and varus osteotomy in 24. Clinical results were evaluated by using the Merle d’Aubigne-Postel score. Implant survival was determined with revision as the end point, and any related complications were investigated.


The Merle d’Aubigne-Postel score improved from 9.4 to 16.1 at the final follow-up, without any implant loosening. However, periprosthetic femoral fractures were observed in four hips (6.0 %), one intra-operatively and three within three weeks after THA. Among these cases, three hips previously had varus osteotomy (12.5 %) and one hip had valgus osteotomy (2.3 %). Two hips were revised with full porous stems and circumferential wiring. The five and ten year cumulative survivorship rates were 97 % (range, 88.8–99.3 %) and 97 % (88.8–99.3 %), respectively.


Although the use of a press-fit cementless stem yielded acceptable results in most of the patients, perioperative femoral fracture was a major complication especially in the patients previously treated with intertrochanteric varus osteotomy. Careful planning and implant selection could be emphasized for these cases.

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This work was supported by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (No. 24592268).

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Correspondence to Yasuharu Nakashima.

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Ohishi, M., Nakashima, Y., Yamamoto, T. et al. Cementless total hip arthroplasty for patients previously treated with femoral osteotomy for hip dysplasia: the incidence of periprosthetic fracture. International Orthopaedics (SICOT) 40, 1601–1606 (2016).

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