Unipolar and bipolar hemiarthroplasty (HA) are used to treat displaced femoral-neck fractures. However, which type is best for treating displaced femoral-neck fractures in elderly patients remains a subject for debate. Our aim was to review randomised controlled trials to establish which type provides superior clinical outcome for this patient population.
We searched PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials databases and Web of Science for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing unipolar with bipolar HA to treat femoral-neck fracture in the elderly. Risk ratios (RRs) and mean differences (MDs) from each trial were pooled using random-effects or fixed-effects models depending on study heterogeneity. Analysis was performed using RevMan5.2 from the Cochrane Collaboration.
A total of 1,100 patients from nine studies were assessed in this meta-analysis. Results showed no significant differences in function score [MD = −0.14, 95% confidence interval (CI) −2.42–2.13], mortality (RR = 0.97, 95% CI 0.65–1.46), dislocation (RR = 1.33, 95 % CI 0.53–3.34), deep infection (RR = 0.79, 95 % CI 0.35–1.79), acetabular erosion (RR = 1.99, 95 % CI 0.61–6.52), operating time (MD = 2.14, 95 % CI −9.85 to14.14), blood loss (MD = 13.40, 95 % CI −49.60 to 76.39) and length of hospital stay (MD = 0.12, 95 % CI −0.49to0.73) between unipolar and bipolar HA.
Unipolar and bipolar HA achieved similar clinical outcomes in patients with displaced femoral-neck fractures.
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Liu, Y., Tao, X., Wang, P. et al. Meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials comparing unipolar with bipolar hemiarthroplasty for displaced femoral-neck fractures. International Orthopaedics (SICOT) 38, 1691–1696 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00264-014-2355-5