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The evolution of ACL reconstruction over the last fifty years

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Abstract

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction has evolved considerably over the past 30 years. This has largely been due to a better understanding of ACL anatomy and in particular a precise description of the femoral and tibial insertions of its two bundles. In the 1980s, the gold standard was anteromedial bundle reconstruction using the middle third of the patellar ligament. Insufficient control of rotational laxity led to the development of double bundle ACL reconstruction. This concept, combined with a growing interest in preservation of the ACL remnant, led in turn to selective reconstruction in partial tears, and more recently to biological reconstruction with ACL remnant conservation. Current ACL reconstruction techniques are not uniform, depending on precise analysis of the type of lesion and the aspect of the ACL remnant in the intercondylar notch.

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Chambat, P., Guier, C., Sonnery-Cottet, B. et al. The evolution of ACL reconstruction over the last fifty years. International Orthopaedics (SICOT) 37, 181–186 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00264-012-1759-3

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