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International Orthopaedics

, Volume 37, Issue 1, pp 95–98 | Cite as

Impact of triple pelvic osteotomy on contact stress pressure distribution in the hip joint

  • Zoran VukasinovicEmail author
  • Dusko Spasovski
  • Veronika Kralj-Iglic
  • Jelena Marinkovic-Eric
  • Igor Seslija
  • Zorica Zivkovic
  • Vesna Spasovski
Original Paper

Abstract

Purpose

We studied changes of contact stress distribution in the hip joint after Tonnis triple pelvic osteotomy applied in the treatment of dysplasia and hip joint incongruence in adolescents.

Methods

In a group of 75 patients, 54 (72 %) female, who underwent surgery by triple pelvic osteotomy in adolescence for developmental disorder of the hip and avascular necrosis of the femoral head, a three-dimensional hip joint model was used based on the radiography of the pelvis with hips. The following biomechanical parameters were calculated: resultant hip force normalised to body weight (R/Wb), inclination of the resultant hip force (θ−R), the position of the stress pole (θ), peak contact hip stress (Pmax), and peak contact hip stress normalised to body weight (Pmax/Wb). Gait quality was also assessed.

Results

After surgery the Wiberg CE angle was increased by 17.85° (114 %), resultant hip force normalised to body weight (R/Wb) was decreased by 0.107 (3.3 %), the position of the stress pole was shifted medially by 27.59° (63.5 %), and peak contact hip stress normalised to body weight (Pmax/Wb) was decreased by 2249.74 (55.9 %). Waddling gait was reduced from 17 (23.9 %) to four cases (5.6 %). All changes were statistically highly significant (p<0.01).

Conclusions

The effect of Tonnis triple pelvic osteotomy lies in the improvement of stress distribution across the acetabular cartilage of the hip joint, thus slowing down the degenerative damage of the hip joint.

Keywords

Femoral Head Biomechanical Parameter Periacetabular Osteotomy Acetabular Cartilage Stress Pole 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgment

This work was supported by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Serbia, grant no. III 41004.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zoran Vukasinovic
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dusko Spasovski
    • 1
  • Veronika Kralj-Iglic
    • 2
  • Jelena Marinkovic-Eric
    • 3
  • Igor Seslija
    • 4
  • Zorica Zivkovic
    • 5
  • Vesna Spasovski
    • 6
  1. 1.University of Belgrade, Faculty of MedicineInstitute for Orthopaedic Surgery “Banjica”BelgradeSerbia
  2. 2.University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Health SciencesBiomedical Research GroupLjubljanaSlovenia
  3. 3.University of Belgrade, Faculty of MedicineInstitute for Medical Statistics and InformaticsBelgradeSerbia
  4. 4.Institute for Orthopaedic Surgery “Banjica”BelgradeSerbia
  5. 5.European University, Medical Academy “US Medical School”Medical Center “Dr Dragisa Misovic”BelgradeSerbia
  6. 6.University of BelgradeInstitute of Molecular Genetics and Genetic EngineeringBelgradeSerbia

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