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Full-endoscopic anterior decompression versus conventional anterior decompression and fusion in cervical disc herniations

Abstract

Anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF) is the standard for cervical discectomies. With the full-endoscopic anterior cervical discectomy (FACD) a minimally invasive procedure is available. The objective of this prospective, randomised, controlled study was to compare the results of FACD with those of ACDF in mediolateral soft disc herniations. A total of 103 patients with ACDF or FACD were followed up for two years. In addition to general parameters specific measuring instruments were used. Postoperatively 85.9% of the patients no longer had arm pain, and 10.1% had occasional pain. There were no significant clinical differences between the decompression with or without fusion. The full-endoscopic technique afforded advantages in operation technique, rehabilitation and soft tissue injury. The recorded results show that FACD is a sufficient and safe alternative to conventional procedures when the indication criteria are fulfilled. At the same time, it offers the advantages of a minimally invasive intervention.

Résumé

La décompression cervicale antérieure avec greffe (ACDF) est un standard de la chirurgie cervicale avec discectomies. La discectomie endoscopique FACD par voie mini-invasive est également possible. L’objectif de cette étude prospective randomisée est de comparer les résultats de cette technique endoscopique mini-invasive FACD avec la technique classique ACDF. 103 patients ayant bénéficié soit d’une ACDF soit d’une FACD ont été suivis pendant une moyenne de deux ans. après l’intervention, 85,9% des patients ne présentent aucune douleur au niveau brachial et 10,1% des douleurs occasionnelles. Il n’y a pas de différence significative que l’on ait réalisé ou non une greffe. La technique par endoscopie présente des avantages pratiques notamment en ce qui concerne la rééducation et les lésions des tissus en post-opératoires. le résultat montre que la technique FACD est une technique suffisamment sûre et es-t une alternative valable à la technique conventionnelle lorsque les critères d’indication ont été respectés. Cette technique a par ailleurs les avantages de la voie mini-invasive.

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Correspondence to Sebastian Ruetten.

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Ruetten, S., Komp, M., Merk, H. et al. Full-endoscopic anterior decompression versus conventional anterior decompression and fusion in cervical disc herniations. International Orthopaedics (SICOT) 33, 1677 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00264-008-0684-y

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00264-008-0684-y

Keywords

  • Disc Herniation
  • Revision Rate
  • Intervertebral Space
  • Kyphosis Angle
  • Cervical Disc Herniation