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Immune activation of the monocyte-derived dendritic cells using patients own circulating tumor cells



Dendritic cell (DC) therapy counts to the promising strategies how to weaken and eradicate cancer disease. We aimed to develop a good manufacturing practice (GMP) protocol for monocyte-derived DC (Mo-DC) maturation using circulating tumor cells lysates with subsequent experimental T-cell priming in vitro.


DC differentiation was induced from a population of immunomagnetically enriched CD14 + monocytes out of the leukapheresis samples (n = 6). The separation was provided automatically, in a closed bag system, using CliniMACS Prodigy® separation protocols (Miltenyi Biotec). For differentiation and maturation of CD14 + cells, DendriMACs® growing medium with supplements (GM-CSF, IL-4, IL-6, IL-1B, TNFa, PGE) was used. Immature Mo-DCs were loaded with autologous circulating tumor cell (CTCs) lysates. Autologous CTCs were sorted out by size-based filtration (MetaCell®) of the leukapheresis CD14-negative fraction. A mixture of mature Mo-DCs and autologous non-target blood cells (NTBCs) was co-cultured and the activation effect of mature Mo-DCs on T-cell activation was monitored by means of multimarker gene expression profiling.


New protocols for mMo-DC production using automatization and CTC lysates were introduced including a feasible in vitro assay for mMo-DC efficacy evaluation. Gene expression analysis revealed elevation for following genes in NTBC (T cells) subset primed by mMo-DCs: CD8A, CD4, MKI67, MIF, TNFA, CD86, and CD80 (p ≤ 0.01).


Summarizing the presented data, we might conclude mMo-DCs were generated using CliniMACS Prodigy® machine and CTC lysates in a homogenous manner showing a potential to generate NTBC activation in co-cultures. Identification of the activation signals in T-cell population by simple multimarker-qPCRs could fasten the process of effective mMo-DC production.

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This study was supported by Krajska zdravotni, a.s, Grant nr.: IGA-KZ-2017-1-16. The figures were created with

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Correspondence to Vladimir Bobek.

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Kolostova, K., Pospisilova, E., Matkowski, R. et al. Immune activation of the monocyte-derived dendritic cells using patients own circulating tumor cells. Cancer Immunol Immunother 71, 2901–2911 (2022).

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  • Dendritic cells
  • Immunotherapy
  • T cells
  • Personalized medicine
  • MetaCell
  • Circulating tumor cells