McCabe MP, Sharlip ID, Atalla E, et al: Definitions of Sexual Dysfunctions in Women and Men: A Consensus Statement From the Fourth International Consultation on Sexual Medicine 2015. J. Sex. Med. 2016; 13: 135–43.
Prins J, Blanker MH, Bohnen AM, et al: Prevalence of erectile dysfunction: a systematic review of population-based studies. Int. J. Impot. Res. 2002; 14: 422–432.
Kubin M, Wagner G and Fugl-Meyer AR: Epidemiology of erectile dysfunction. Int. J. Impot. Res. 2003; 15: 63–71.
Vaucher L, Bolyakov A and Paduch DA: Evolving techniques to evaluate ejaculatory function. Curr. Opin. Urol. 2009; 19: 606–614.
Golijanin D, Singer E, Davis R, et al: Doppler evaluation of erectile dysfunction – Part 1. Int. J. Impot. Res. 2007; 19: 37–42.
Lasker GF, Maley JH and Kadowitz PJ: A Review of the Pathophysiology and Novel Treatments for Erectile Dysfunction. Adv. Pharmacol. Sci. 2010. Available at: https://www.hindawi.com/journals/aps/2010/730861/, accessed December 28, 2018.
Rhoden EL, Telöken C, Sogari PR, et al: The use of the simplified International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) as a diagnostic tool to study the prevalence of erectile dysfunction. Int. J. Impot. Res. 2002; 14: 245–250.
Hosain GMM, Latini DM, Kauth M, et al: Sexual dysfunction among male veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan: prevalence and correlates. J. Sex. Med. 2013; 10: 516–523.
Laumann EO, West S, Glasser D, et al: Prevalence and correlates of erectile dysfunction by race and ethnicity among men aged 40 or older in the United States: from the male attitudes regarding sexual health survey. J. Sex. Med. 2007; 4: 57–65.
Sand MS, Fisher W, Rosen R, et al: Erectile dysfunction and constructs of masculinity and quality of life in the multinational Men’s Attitudes to Life Events and Sexuality (MALES) study. J. Sex. Med. 2008; 5: 583–594.
Nicolosi A, Glasser DB, Moreira ED, et al: Prevalence of erectile dysfunction and associated factors among men without concomitant diseases: a population study. Int. J. Impot. Res. 2003; 15: 253–257.
Caskurlu T, Tasci AI, Resim S, et al: The etiology of erectile dysfunction and contributing factors in different age groups in Turkey. Int. J. Urol. Off. J. Jpn. Urol. Assoc. 2004; 11: 525–9.
Ye T, Li J, Li L, et al: Computed tomography cavernosography combined with volume rendering to observe venous leakage in young patients with erectile dysfunction. Br. J. Radiol. 2018; 91: 20180118.
Vargas HA, Donati OF, Wibmer A, et al: Association Between Penile Dynamic Contrast‐Enhanced MRI‐Derived Quantitative Parameters and Self‐Reported Sexual Function in Patients with Newly Diagnosed Prostate Cancer. J. Sex. Med. 2014; 11: 2581–2588.
Glodny B, Petersen J, Bendix N, et al: Microcoil embolization of an arteriovenous fistula from the arteria bulbi penis to the corpus spongiosum penis in the treatment of erectile dysfunction: normal function regained immediately after intervention. Br. J. Radiol. 2007; 80: e265-267.
Lurie AL, Bookstein JJ and Kessler WO: Posttraumatic impotence: angiographic evaluation. Radiology 1988; 166: 115–119.
Papagiannopoulos D, Nehra A and Khare N: Evaluation of young men with organic erectile dysfunction. Asian J. Androl. 2015; 17: 11.
Pretorius ES, Siegelman ES, Ramchandani P, et al: MR Imaging of the Penis. RadioGraphics 2001; 21: S283–S298.
Kirkham A: MRI of the penis. Br. J. Radiol. 2012; 85: S86–S93.
Parker RA, Menias CO, Quazi R, et al: MR Imaging of the Penis and Scrotum. RadioGraphics 2015; 35: 1033–1050.
Rosen RC, Catania J, Pollack L, et al: Male Sexual Health Questionnaire (MSHQ): Scale development and psychometric validation. Urology 2004; 64: 777–782.
Henry BM, Pękala PA, Vikse J, et al: Variations in the Arterial Blood Supply to the Penis and the Accessory Pudendal Artery: A Meta-Analysis and Review of Implications in Radical Prostatectomy. J. Urol. 2017; 198: 345–353.
Thai CT, Karam IM, Nguyen-Thi PL, et al: Pelvic magnetic resonance imaging angioanatomy of the arterial blood supply to the penis in suspected prostate cancer patients. Eur. J. Radiol. 2015; 84: 823–827.
Erdoğru T, Kaplancan T, Aker O, et al: Cavernosal arterial anatomic variations and its effect on penile hemodynamic status. Eur. J. Ultrasound Off. J. Eur. Fed. Soc. Ultrasound Med. Biol. 2001; 14: 141–148.
Chiou RK, Alberts GL, Pomeroy BD, et al: Study of cavernosal arterial anatomy using color and power Doppler sonography: impact on hemodynamic parameter measurement. J. Urol. 1999; 162: 358–360.
Sakamoto H, Nagata M, Saito K, et al: Anatomic variations of cavernous arteries and their effect on measurement of hemodynamic parameters: a power Doppler study. Urology 2004; 63: 539–544.
Dean RC and Lue TF: Physiology of Penile Erection and Pathophysiology of Erectile Dysfunction. Urol. Clin. North Am. 2005; 32: 379–v.
Hsu G-L, Hsieh C-H, Wen H-S, et al: Penile venous anatomy: application to surgery for erectile disturbance. Asian J. Androl. 2002; 4: 61–66.
Porst H, Burnett A, Brock G, et al: SOP conservative (medical and mechanical) treatment of erectile dysfunction. J. Sex. Med. 2013; 10: 130–171.
El-Sakka AI: What is the current role of intracavernosal injection in management of erectile dysfunction? Int. J. Impot. Res. 2016; 28: 88–95.
Jung DC, Park SY and Lee JY: Penile Doppler ultrasonography revisited. Ultrasonography 2018; 37: 16–24.
Najari BB, Introna L and Paduch DA: Improvements in Patient-reported Sexual Function After Microsurgical Varicocelectomy. Urology 2017; 110: 104–109.
Rastrelli G and Maggi M: Erectile dysfunction in fit and healthy young men: psychological or pathological? Transl. Androl. Urol. 2017; 6: 79–90.
Donatucci CF and Lue TF: Erectile dysfunction in men under 40: etiology and treatment choice. Int. J. Impot. Res. 1993; 5: 97–103.
Tiguert R, Harb JF, Hurley PM, et al: Management of shotgun injuries to the pelvis and lower genitourinary system. Urology 2000; 55: 193–197.
Balzano FL and Hudak SJ: Military genitourinary injuries: past, present, and future. Transl. Androl. Urol. 2018; 7: 646–652.
Szafran AA, Redett R and Burnett AL: Penile transplantation: the US experience and institutional program set-up. Transl. Androl. Urol. 2018; 7: 639–645.
Li J, Qin F, Han P, et al: Penile transplantation: A long way to routine clinical practice. Pak. J. Med. Sci. 2017; 33: 493–497.